Will There Be a CARES Act Extension?
Editor's Note: For the latest developments regarding federal student loan debt repayment, check out our student debt guide.
It’s a question that has been on people’s minds practically as soon as Congress passed the CARES Act rescue package on March 27: Will there be an extension?
And as certain provisions—such as enhanced unemployment benefits and a pause on federal loan payments—have either expired or approached expiration, the question has only become more urgent.
In short, the answer is: No one knows yet. Both parties have discussed the need for additional stimulus. In May, the House of Representatives passed the HEROES Act and in July, Senate Republicans introduced the HEALS Act. But the Senate did not even take up the $3 trillion HEROES Act, and in the ensuing months, bipartisan gridlock has stalled relief conversations. More recently, President-elect Joe Biden has urged Congressional leaders to come together to pass another stimulus bill.
The issue that has deadlocked passage of a follow-up package has been the size and scope of the bill. Senate Republicans have backed the support of a so-called “skinny” stimulus bill.
This would have included a boost in unemployment benefits (the extra $600 a week in unemployment benefits under the CARES Act expired on July 31. After that, states added to weekly benefit payments up to $300, but those have ended as well in some states).
The GOP skinny bill renewed the Paycheck Protection Program, which provided qualifying small businesses with loans, but did not include an additional round of stimulus checks for households.
Conversations are likely to continue through this lame-duck session of Congress. Right now, Congressional control for 2021 remains in limbo until the Jan. 5 Senate runoff races in Georgia. The results of the two runoffs, and subsequent congressional control, may be able to foreshadow the scope of a future relief package. That said, here is where things stand now.
Will There Be an Extension on CARES Act Student Loan Relief?
Under the CARES Act, a pause on federal student loan payments and interest rates set to 0% were enacted, set to expire on September 30, 2020. But President Donald Trump signed an executive order that extended the suspension of payments and zero interest until December 31, 2020.
Update: on Dec. 4, the Department of Education announced that the federal student loan payment holiday has been extended to January 31, 2021. The extension is meant to give Congress time to enact any new measures. Of course, President-elect Biden could also extend student loan relief.
Biden’s plans for student loan relief are unclear, though he has indicated support for student loan forgiveness. Whether any forgiveness would be passed through an executive order is unknown. A forgiveness program would likely need to be passed by Congress.
The HEROES Act proposed $10,000 in federal and private student loan forgiveness, though the updated version that passed in October did not include the provision. A new relief package may also continue suspending federal payments but, again, it’s unclear whether one will be passed.
Private lenders, too, may have hardship programs in place if borrowers are unable to currently pay back their loan due to the impact of COVID-19. Private student loan borrowers will need to check with their lenders to see if they offer such a program.
Will There Be An Additional Stimulus Check?
Under the CARES Act, households received an Economic Impact Payment of up to $1,200 per adult and $500 per child under 17, for households who made under $198,000 in adjusted gross income (AGI) for joint filers. Households with higher AGI received a reduced amount of payment based on their AGI.
Both Republican and Democratic leaders have indicated support, at various points, for another round of stimulus checks, using the $1,200 amount as a benchmark. That said, at this point, some analysts believe that a second round of checks may not be issued until the first quarter of 2021.
Will There Be Enhanced Unemployment Benefits?
Both parties have supported legislation to enhance federally funded unemployment benefits, but proposed legislation has varied in scope. In the HEALS Act, Republicans proposed a smaller weekly subsidy for a set period of time, which would then scale into a formula to set unemployment benefits based on an individual’s salary. States would be responsible for a portion of unemployment benefits.
In the HEROES Act, Democrats proposed keeping the $600 a week in additional unemployment benefits. The CARES Act also extended the length of time that unemployed workers could receive benefits through Pandemic Emergency Unemployment Compensation (PEUC).
This was a federal extension for those who may have exhausted their state unemployment benefits. New legislation could potentially address federally funding for extended benefits.
Another critical question many are asking is, who will be eligible for unemployment insurance in a new relief package? The CARES Act provided Pandemic Unemployment Assistance (PUA) that allowed freelance workers, members of the gig economy, contract workers and other individuals ineligible for state benefits to be eligible for federal unemployment benefits.
PUA is set to expire by December 31, 2020, as is PEUC. Without legislative action, about 12 million people could lose their federal unemployment benefits at the end of the year.
A stimulus bill is likely, but specifics aren’t clear. The upcoming expiration dates on key components of the CARES Act have added urgency to Congress passing some sort of additional relief package.
But in a lame-duck session with uncertainty over Congressional control, it’s unclear what a new relief package may look like—and when it may pass.
States also may act to provide pandemic assistance and relief for their residents. Or President Trump may use executive action to enact certain relief, as he did in August, when he signed an executive order that extended federal student loan forbearance.
Federal student loans come with certain benefits and protections—like forbearance, public service loan forgiveness, and income-driven repayment plans—that will be forfeited when refinanced through a private lender. That said, after exhausting all federal student loan options, borrowers may choose to look into refinancing their educational debt with a private lender.
SoFi Student Loan Refinance
If you are a federal student loan borrower, you should consider all of your repayment opportunities including the opportunity to refinance your student loan debt at a lower APR or to extend your term to achieve a lower monthly payment. Please note that once you refinance federal student loans you will no longer be eligible for current or future flexible payment options available to federal loan borrowers, including but not limited to income-based repayment plans or extended repayment plans.
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