## What Is the APR for Student Loans and How Is It Calculated?

Student loans are complicated, especially when it comes to figuring out how much the loan will actually cost you over time. APR, or annual percentage rate, reflects the total cost of the loan, including the interest rate and any fees.

Knowing how APR formulas affect your student loans is an important part of maintaining financial health, and can even help you decide whether or not you should look into alternative loan repayment strategies, like consolidation or refinancing.

## What Is APR For Student Loans?

As briefly mentioned, your annual percentage rate, known as “APR,” is the interest and fees you are responsible for paying on your student loan balance over the course of a year. The APR formula shows you your actual cost of borrowing, including your interest rate and any extra fees or costs, like origination fees or forbearance interest capitalization.

## APR vs Interest Rate on Student Loans

The interest rate on your student loan is the amount your lender is charging you for the loan, expressed as a percentage of the amount you borrowed. For example, the interest rate for Federal Direct Subsidized Loans and Unsubsidized Direct Loans is currently 6.53% for 2024-25, which means that you would be responsible for paying your lender 6.53% of the amount of money you borrowed in yearly interest.

That 6.53%, however, does not include other costs that are considered in the APR formula, including disbursement costs. For loans with no fees, it is possible that the APR and interest rate will match. But in general, when comparing APR vs interest rate, the APR is considered a more reliable and accurate explanation of your total costs as you pay off your student loans. If you’re shopping around for student loans or planning to refinance your loans, the APR offered can help you decide which lender you would like to work with.

Recommended: Student Loan Info for High Schoolers

## An Example of How APR Is Calculated for Student Loans

Let’s say you take out a student loan for \$20,000 with an origination fee of \$1,000 and an interest rate of 5%. An origination fee is the cost the lender may charge you for actually disbursing your loan, and it is usually taken directly out of the loan balance before you receive your disbursement.

So, in this example, even though you took out \$20,000, you would only receive \$19,000 after the disbursement fee is charged. Even though you only receive \$19,000, the lender still charges interest on the full \$20,000 you borrowed.

The APR accounts for both your 5% interest rate and your \$1,000 origination fee to give you a new number, expressed as a percentage of the loan amount you borrowed. That percentage accurately reflects the true costs to the consumer. (In this example, if the loan had a 10-year term, the APR would be 6.124% )

## What Is a Typical Student Loan APR?

For federal student loans, interest rates are determined annually by Congress. Federal loans also have a disbursement fee, which is a fee charged when the loan is disbursed.

APRs for federal student loans may vary depending on the loan repayment term that the borrower selects. Federal student loans are eligible for a variety of repayment plans, some of which can extend up to 25 years. Generally speaking, the longer the repayment term, the larger amount of interest the borrower will owe over the life of the loan.

## Typical APR for Private Student Loans

The interest rate on private student loans will vary by lender and so will any fees associated with the loan. As of June 2024, APRs on private student loans may vary from around 4% to upwards of 16% for fixed interest rates.

The interest rate you qualify for is generally determined by a variety of personal factors including your credit score, credit history, and income, among other factors. In addition to varying APRs, private student loans don’t offer the same benefits or borrower protections available for federal student loans — things like income-driven repayment plans or deferment options. For this reason, they are generally considered only after all other sources of funding have been reviewed.

## How to Find Your Student Loan APR

By law, lenders are required to disclose the APR on their loans — including student loans. These disclosures help you make smart financial choices about your loans and ensure that you’re not blindsided by mystery costs when you take out a loan.

For federal student loans, the government lists the interest rates and fees online, but make sure to carefully examine any loan initiation paperwork for your exact APR, which will depend on other factors including the amount you plan to borrow, the interest rate, and origination fees.

If you’re currently paying off federal student loans, your student loan servicer can tell you your APR. If you use online payments, you can probably see your APR on your student loan servicer’s website or on your monthly bill.

If you’re shopping around for private student loans, your potential lenders must disclose the APR in their lending offer to you. Your APR will vary from lender to lender depending on many factors, which can include your credit score, any fees the lender charges, and how they calculate deferred interest, which is any unpaid interest that your minimum payment doesn’t cover.

One student loan tip — compare quotes and offers from various lenders closely. Once you’ve decided on a lender and taken out a loan, your APR should be reflected on your loan paperwork and usually on your lender’s online payment system.

Recommended: Understanding a Student Loan Statement: What It Is & How to Read It

## The Takeaway

APR is a reflection of the total amount you’ll pay in both interest rate and fees for borrowing a student loan. Interest rate is just the amount of interest you will be charged. On loans with no fees, it’s possible for the interest rate and APR to be the same. Interest rates and fees for different types of federal student loans are published, but individual APRs may vary based on the amount you borrow and the repayment term you select.

If you’ve exhausted all federal student aid options, no-fee private student loans from SoFi can help you pay for school. The online application process is easy, and you can see rates and terms in just minutes. Repayment plans are flexible, so you can find an option that works for your financial plan and budget.

Cover up to 100% of school-certified costs including tuition, books, supplies, room and board, and transportation with a private student loan from SoFi.

## FAQ

### What is the APR on student loans?

APR or annual percentage rate is a reflection of the interest rate plus any fees associated with the loan. It provides a picture of the total cost of borrowing a loan and is helpful in comparing loans from different lenders.

### Is the APR the same on subsidized and unsubsidized student loans?

The interest rate for unsubsidized and subsidized federal student loans is sent annually by Congress. These loans also have an origination fee. For the 2024-2025 school year the interest rate on Direct Subsidized and Unsubsidized loans is 6.53% and the origination fee is 1.057%. The APR for your loan will be determined by factors including the repayment term you select.

### What is the typical interest rate on private student loans?

Interest rates on private student loans vary based on a variety of factors such as the lender’s policies, and individual borrower characteristics such as their credit score and income, among other factors. As of June 2024, interest rates on fixed private student loans hovered around 4% to upwards of 16%.

SoFi Private Student Loans
Please borrow responsibly. SoFi Private Student Loans are not a substitute for federal loans, grants, and work-study programs. You should exhaust all your federal student aid options before you consider any private loans, including ours. Read our FAQs. SoFi Private Student Loans are subject to program terms and restrictions, and applicants must meet SoFi’s eligibility and underwriting requirements. See SoFi.com/eligibility-criteria for more information. To view payment examples, click here. SoFi reserves the right to modify eligibility criteria at any time. This information is subject to change.

SoFi Loan Products
SoFi loans are originated by SoFi Bank, N.A., NMLS #696891 (Member FDIC). For additional product-specific legal and licensing information, see SoFi.com/legal. Equal Housing Lender.

Financial Tips & Strategies: The tips provided on this website are of a general nature and do not take into account your specific objectives, financial situation, and needs. You should always consider their appropriateness given your own circumstances.

Third-Party Brand Mentions: No brands, products, or companies mentioned are affiliated with SoFi, nor do they endorse or sponsor this article. Third-party trademarks referenced herein are property of their respective owners.

SOIS-Q224-1914653-V1

## Federal Student Loan Interest Rates Guide

The Department of Education announced that federal student loan interest rates are increasing to 6.53% for the 2024-25 school year on undergraduate loans, up from 5.50% from the previous year.

Here, we’ll discuss how federal student loan interest rates are determined, how they have changed over the years, and when they may be higher than private lender rates.

## Overview of Federal Student Loan Interest Rates

The 2024-25 interest rate on Direct Subsidized loans for undergraduates is now 6.53% — the highest it’s been in history.

Below is an overview of how rates have increased over the last four years:

School Year 2021 – 2022

School Year 2022 – 2023

School Year 2023 – 2024

School Year 2024 – 2025

Direct Subsidized and Unsubsidized Loans for Undergrads 3.73% 4.99% 5.50% 6.53%
Direct Unsubsidized Loans for Graduate or Professional Students 5.28% 6.54% 7.05% 8.08%
Direct PLUS Loans for Graduate or Professional Students or Parents of Undergrads 6.28% 7.54% 8.05% 9.08%

Recommended: What’s the Average Student Loan Interest Rate?

## Why Federal Student Loan Interest Rates Can Vary From Year to Year

The reason that federal student loan interest rates fluctuates has to do with how and when federal student loan rates are set. By federal statute, they are determined once a year and are based on the high yield of the 10-year Treasury note last auctioned in May (for the upcoming school year).

That yield is then added to a required percentage to get the federal interest rate for loans disbursed on or after July of that year.

So in May 2020, when businesses were in lockdown due to Covid-19, the high yield of the 10-year Treasury note was less than 1%. In May 2022, as the Federal Reserve began to try to curb inflation by raising its rate, the high yield or index rate on the 10-year Treasury note was 2.94%, and in May 2023, as the economy was looking up in terms of inflation, the index rate was 3.448%.

💡 Quick Tip: Need a private student loan to cover your school bills? Because approval for a private student loan is based on creditworthiness, a cosigner may help a student get loan approval and a lower rate.

### Required Markups to the 10-Year Treasury Index Rate to Determine Federal Student Loan Interest Rates

The required percentage added to the high yield of the 10-year Treasury note last auctioned in May 2023 depends on the type of loan and borrower. The added percentages follow this schedule:

•   For Direct Subsidized and Unsubsidized loans for undergraduate students, the added percentage is 2.05%.

•   For Direct Unsubsidized loans for graduate and professional students, the added percentage is 3.60%.

•   For Direct PLUS loans for parents of undergraduate students and for graduate or professional students, the added percentage is 4.60%.

## How Federal Student Loan Interest Rates Have Been Set Over the Years

The federal student loan program began in the 1960s. Over time, the way rates are set has changed due to legislative action. Here’s a general timeline of how federal student loan interest loans have been set:

### From the 1960s to 1992

Originally, Congress set the interest rates for student loans. The rates were fixed and ranged from 6% in the beginning to 10% for the years 1988 to 1992.

### From 1993 to 2003

Congress amended the law so that rates were variable rather than fixed and reset annually. The formula for federal student loan interest rates was the interest rate on short-term Treasury securities at a set time plus 3.1%. The rate was capped at 9.0%. Over the next six years, Congress lowered the added percentage and the cap.

Soon after switching to variable rates, Congress passed the Student Loan Reform Act, which authorized the Direct Loan program. The law changed the formula for calculating interest rates so that they were pegged to 10-year Treasurys, which aligned with the term or length of student loans. The markup was lowered to 1.0%, and the new formula was to be used starting in five years.

But in 1998, because the Direct Loan program was taking longer than expected to replace the old loan program, where banks provided the loans instead of the government, Congress postponed when the new formula would be used until 2003. In the meantime, the old formula was used but with a 2.3% add-on (instead of 3.1%).

### From 2003 to Present

Several bills have been passed trying to make student loans more affordable, including a bill that fixed the rate at 6.8% starting in 2006. For Direct Unsubsidized loans for undergraduate students and Direct Unsubsidized loans for graduate and professional students, the federal student loan interest rate stayed at 6.8% through 2013.

In 2013, a law enacted the current formula used to calculate federal student loan interest rates.

## How Private Student Loan Interest Rates Differ From Federal Loan Rates

Of course, private student loan rates will fluctuate with market trends and from lender to lender. That said, private student loan rates for 10-year loans are generally higher than the federal interest rate when you are comparing rates concurrently on offer.

However, this isn’t always the case when it comes to student loans for parents or graduate/professional students. For the 2024-25 school year, the interest rate on Direct PLUS loans is 9.08%. But in June 2024, some private student loan rates are actually lower.

Also, private student loan rates (and refinance rates) can be lower for a loan that has a shorter term length than the standard 10 years of federal loans.

What’s more, private student loan rates and student loan refinance rates that are currently on offer can very well be lower than the federal interest rate you received at the time of getting your loan.

💡 Quick Tip: It’s a good idea to understand the pros and cons of private student loans and federal student loans before committing to them.

## What Private Lenders Consider When Determining Your Interest Rate

As mentioned earlier, private lenders will look at your creditworthiness when determining your interest rate. This involves considering such factors as:

•   Credit History – When entering college, most students have little to no credit history. That means the lender could be unsure of their ability to repay the loan since students don’t typically have a history of paying any loans. This can lead to a higher interest rate.

•   Your School – Most four-year schools are eligible for private loans, but some two-year colleges aren’t. Additionally, applicants typically have to be enrolled at least half-time to qualify for private student loans.

•   Your Cosigner’s Finances – Since many private student loan applicants are relatively new to debt and have no credit history, they might be required to provide a cosigner. A cosigner shares the burden of debt with you, meaning they’re also on the hook to pay it back if you can’t. A cosigner with a strong credit history can potentially help secure a lower interest rate on private student loans.

## The Takeaway

Federal student loan interest rates have fluctuated over the years. Currently, they are higher for 2024-25 than they were for 2023-24.

Typically, federal interest rates are lower than private student loans rates offered in the same year. But they can also be higher, particularly for parents borrowing to pay their children’s tuition and for graduate or professional students.

Also, private student loan rates (and refinance rates) on offer at the present time can be lower than federal interest rates from previous years or they can be lower on loans for term lengths shorter than the standard 10 years.

If you’ve exhausted all federal student aid options, no-fee private student loans from SoFi can help you pay for school. The online application process is easy, and you can see rates and terms in just minutes. Repayment plans are flexible, so you can find an option that works for your financial plan and budget.

Cover up to 100% of school-certified costs including tuition, books, supplies, room and board, and transportation with a private student loan from SoFi.

SoFi Private Student Loans
Please borrow responsibly. SoFi Private Student Loans are not a substitute for federal loans, grants, and work-study programs. You should exhaust all your federal student aid options before you consider any private loans, including ours. Read our FAQs. SoFi Private Student Loans are subject to program terms and restrictions, and applicants must meet SoFi’s eligibility and underwriting requirements. See SoFi.com/eligibility-criteria for more information. To view payment examples, click here. SoFi reserves the right to modify eligibility criteria at any time. This information is subject to change.

SoFi Loan Products
SoFi loans are originated by SoFi Bank, N.A., NMLS #696891 (Member FDIC). For additional product-specific legal and licensing information, see SoFi.com/legal. Equal Housing Lender.

Financial Tips & Strategies: The tips provided on this website are of a general nature and do not take into account your specific objectives, financial situation, and needs. You should always consider their appropriateness given your own circumstances.

Third-Party Brand Mentions: No brands, products, or companies mentioned are affiliated with SoFi, nor do they endorse or sponsor this article. Third-party trademarks referenced herein are property of their respective owners.

SOIS-Q224-1915150-V1

## Statute of Limitations on Debt: Things to Know

A statute of limitations is a state law that limits the period during which a creditor or debt collector can bring action in court to enforce a contract, such as a loan agreement or note. This means a creditor may not be allowed to sue a borrower in court to force them to pay a debt after the period has expired.

However, the statute of limitations on debt isn’t a wait-it-out solution that simply erases debt once it’s been owed for a few years. There may still be consequences to failing to pay back debts once the statute of limitations for debts has expired — and statutes of limitations don’t apply to some debts, including federal student loans. Here’s what you should know about statutes of limitations on debt.

## What Is The Statute of Limitations on Debt?

Essentially, a statute of limitations on debt puts a time restriction on how long a creditor or debt collector is able to sue a borrower in state court to enforce the loan agreement and force them to repay the outstanding debts. In practice, this means that if a borrower chooses not to pay a debt, after the statute of limitation runs out, the creditor or debt collector doesn’t have a legal remedy to force them to pay.

To be clear, just because the statute of limitations has expired, it doesn’t mean that the borrower no longer owes the money, even though it does mean that the lender may not be able to take them to court for non-payment. The borrower will continue to owe the money borrowed, and their non-payment could be reported to the credit bureaus, which would then remain on the report for as long as allowed under the applicable credit reporting time limit. (For further evidence of how long debt can stick around, you might consider what happens to credit card debt when you die.)

Statutes of limitations don’t apply to all debts. They don’t, for example, apply to federal student loans. Federal student loans that are in default may be collected through wage or tax refund garnishment without a court order.

## How Long Until a Debt Expires?

The length of the statute of limitations is determined by state law. State statutes of limitations on debt typically vary from three years to more than 10 years, depending on the type of debt and when the contract was entered into.

Figuring out exactly which state’s laws your debt falls under isn’t always as simple as you might imagine. The applicable statute of limitations may be determined by the state you live in, the state you lived in when you first took on the debt, or even the state where the lender or debt collector is located. The lender may even have included a clause in the contract you signed mandating that the debt is governed by a specific state’s laws.

One commonality in every state’s statutes of limitations on debt is that the “clock” does not start ticking until the borrower’s last activity on the relevant account. Say, for example, that you made a payment on a credit card two years ago and then entered into a payment plan with the debt collector last year but never made any subsequent payments. In that case, the statute of limitations clock would start on the date that you entered into the payment plan.

In this example, simply entering into a payment plan counts as “activity” on the account. This can make it confusing to determine if the statute of limitations has expired on your old debts, especially if you haven’t made a payment in a long time.

It may be possible to find out what the statute of limitations is by contacting the lender or debt collector and asking for verification of the debt. Remember that agreeing to make a payment, entering a payment plan, or otherwise taking any action on the account — including simply acknowledging the debt — may restart the statute of limitations.

After the statute of limitations on the debt has expired, the debt is considered time-barred.

## Types of Debt

As mentioned, the length of the statute of limitations on debt can vary depending on the type of debt it is. To know which timeline applies, it helps to understand the different types of debt.

### Written Contract

A written contract is an agreement that is signed in writing by both you and the creditor. This contract must include the terms of the loan, such as how much the loan is for and how much monthly payments are.

### Oral Contract

An oral contract is bound by verbal agreement — there is no written contract involved. In other words, you said you would pay back the money, but did not sign any paperwork.

### Promissory Notes

Promissory notes are written agreements in which you agree to pay back the amount of money by a certain date, in agreed upon installments and at a set interest rate. Examples of promissory notes are student loan agreements and mortgages.

### Open-Ended Accounts

Open-ended accounts include credit cards and lines of credit. With an open-ended account, you can repeatedly borrow funds up to the agreed upon credit limit. Upon repayment, you can then borrow money again.

## Statute of Limitations on Debt Collection

Each state has its own statute of limitations on debt collection. Here’s a breakdown of the varying timelines by state:

Statute of Limitations For Debts By State and Type of Debt

State Written Contract Oral Contract Promissory Note Open-Ended Account
Alabama 6 6 6 3
Arizona 6 3 6 3
Arkansas 5 3 5 5
California 4 2 4 4
Connecticut 6 3 6 3
Delaware 3 3 3 3
District of Columbia 3 3 3 3
Florida 5 5 4 4
Georgia 6 4 4 4
Hawaii 6 6 6 6
Idaho 5 4 5 4
Illinois 10 5 10 5
Indiana 6 6 6 6
Iowa 10 5 10 5
Kansas 5 3 6 3
Kentucky 15 5 10 5
Louisiana 10 10 10 3
Maine 6 6 6 6
Maryland 3 3 6 3
Massachusetts 6 6 6 6
Michigan 6 6 6 6
Minnesota 6 6 6 6
Mississippi 3 3 3 3
Missouri 10 6 10 5
Montana 8 5 5 5
New Hampshire 3 3 6 3
New Jersey 6 6 6 6
New Mexico 6 4 6 4
New York 6 6 6 6
North Carolina 3 3 3 3
North Dakota 6 6 6 6
Ohio 8 6 6 6
Oklahoma 5 3 5 3
Oregon 6 6 6 6
Pennsylvania 4 4 4 4
Rhode Island 10 10 10 10
South Carolina 3 3 3 3
South Dakota 6 6 6 6
Tennessee 6 6 6 6
Texas 4 4 4 4
Utah 6 4 4 4
Vermont 6 6 14 3
Virginia 5 3 6 3
Washington 6 3 6 6
West Virginia 10 5 6 5
Wisconsin 6 6 10 6
Wyoming 10 8 10 6

Statutes of limitations on certain old debts may prevent creditors or debt collectors from suing you to recover what you owe. However, it’s important to realize that debt statutes of limitations don’t protect you from creditors or debt collectors continuing to attempt to collect payments on the time-barred debt, such as in the case of credit card default. Remember, you still owe that money, whether or not the debt is time-barred. The statute of limitations merely prevents a lender or debt collector from pursuing legal action against you indefinitely.

Debt collectors may continue to contact you about your debt. But under the Fair Debt Collection Practices Act, debt collectors cannot sue or threaten to sue you for a time-barred debt. (Note that this act applies only to debt collectors and not to the original lenders.)

Some debt collectors, however, may still try to take you to court on a time-barred debt. If you receive notice of a lawsuit about a debt you believe is time-barred, you may wish to consult an attorney about your legal rights and resolution strategies.

### Disputing Time-Barred Debt With Debt Collectors

If a debt collector is contacting you to attempt to collect on a debt that you know is time-barred and you don’t intend to pay the debt, you can request that the debt collector stop contacting you.

One option is to write a letter stating that the debt is time-barred and you no longer wish to be contacted about the money owed. If you’re unsure, it may be possible to state that you would like to dispute the debt and want verification that the debt is not time-barred. If the debt is sold to another debt collector, it may be necessary to repeat this process with the new collection agency.

Remember, even though a collector can’t force you to pay the debt once the statute of limitations expires, there may still be consequences for non-payment. For one, your original creditor may continue to contact you through the mail and by phone.

Additionally, most unpaid debts can be listed on your credit report for seven years, which may negatively affect your credit score. That means that failing to pay a debt may impact your ability to buy a car, rent a house, or take out new credit cards, even if that debt is time-barred.

## Statute of Limitations on Student Loan Debt

Statutes of limitations don’t apply to federal student loan debt. If you default on your federal student loan, your wages or tax refunds may be garnished.

If you have federal student loan debt, you may consider managing your student loans through consolidating or refinancing. This can help you decrease your loan term or secure a lower interest rate.

Borrowers who hold only federal student loans may be able to consolidate their student loans with the federal government to simplify their payments.

Those with a combination of both private and federal student loans might consider student loan refinancing to get a new interest rate and/or loan term. Depending on an individual’s financial circumstances, refinancing can potentially result in a lower monthly payment (though it may also mean paying more in interest over the life of the loan).

All borrowers with federal loans should keep in mind that refinancing federal loans can mean relinquishing certain benefits, like forbearance and income-based repayment options.

## Statute of Limitations on Credit Card Debt

The statute of limitations on credit card debts can generally range anywhere from three years to 10 years, depending on the state. However, the laws in the state in which you live aren’t necessarily what dictates your credit card statute of limitations. Many of the top credit issuers name a specific state whose laws apply in the credit card agreement.

### How Long Does the Statute of Limitations on Credit Card Debt Last?

Here’s a look at how long can credit card debt be collected through court proceedings for each state in the U.S.:

Statute of Limitations on Credit Card Debt By State

State Number of years
Alabama 3
Arizona 6
Arkansas 5
California 4
Connecticut 6
Delaware 3
District of Columbia 3
Florida 5
Georgia 6
Hawaii 6
Idaho 5
Illinois 5
Indiana 6
Iowa 5
Kansas 3
Kentucky 5 or 15
Louisiana 3
Maine 6
Maryland 3
Massachusetts 6
Michigan 6
Minnesota 6
Mississippi 3
Missouri 5
Montana 8
New Hampshire 6
New Jersey 6
New Mexico 4
New York 6
North Carolina 3
North Dakota 6
Ohio 6
Oklahoma 5
Oregon 6
Pennsylvania 4
Rhode Island 10
South Carolina 3
South Dakota 6
Tennessee 6
Texas 4
Utah 6
Vermont 6
Virginia 3
Washington 6
West Virginia 10
Wisconsin 6
Wyoming 8

### Effects of the Statute of Limitations on Your Credit Report

The statute of limitations on credit card debt doesn’t have an impact on what appears on your credit report. Even if the credit card statute of limitations has passed, your debt can still appear on your credit report, underscoring the importance of using a credit card responsibly.

Unpaid debts typically remain on your credit report for seven years, during which time they’ll negatively impact your credit (though its effect can wane over time). So, for instance, if the state laws of Delaware apply to your credit card debt, your statute of limitations would be four years. Your unpaid debt would remain on your credit report for another three years after that period elapsed.

This is why it’s important to consider solutions, such as negotiating credit card debt settlement or credit card debt forgiveness, rather than just waiting for the clock to run out.

## How to Know If a Debt Is Time-Barred

To determine if a debt is time-barred — meaning the statute of limitations has passed — the first step is figuring out the last date of activity on the account. This generally means your last payment on the account, though in some cases it can even include a promise to make a payment, such as saying you’d soon work on paying off \$10,000 in credit card debt.

You can find out when you made your last payment on the account by pulling your credit report, which you can access at no cost once per year at AnnualCreditReport.com.

Once you have that information in hand, you can take a look at state statutes of limitation laws. Keep in mind that it might not be your state’s laws that apply. If you’re looking for the statute of limitations for credit card debt, for instance, check your credit card’s terms and conditions to see which state’s laws apply.

Figuring out all of the relevant information isn’t always easy. If you’re unsure or have any questions, consider contacting a debt collections lawyer, who should be able to assist with answers to all your credit card debt questions.

## What to Do If You Are Sued Over a Time-Barred Debt

Even if you know a debt is time-barred, it’s important to take action if you’re sued over it. You’ll need to verify that the statute of limitations has indeed passed, and you’ll need to come forward with that information. It may be helpful to work with an attorney to help you respond appropriately and avoid any missteps.

If you do end up going to court, it’s critical to show up. The judge will dismiss your case as long as you can prove that the debt is indeed time-barred. However, if you don’t show up, you will lose the case.

## How to Verify Whether You Owe the Debt

If you’re not sure whether a debt you’ve been contacted about is yours, you can ask the debt collector for verification. Request the debt collector’s name, the company’s name, address and phone number, and a professional license number. Also ask that the company mail you a validation notice, which will include the name of the creditor seeking payment and the amount you owe. This notice must be sent within five days of when the debt collector contacted you.

If, upon receiving the validation notice, you do not recognize the debt is yours, you can send the debt collector a letter of dispute. You must do so within 30 days.

## The Takeaway

Statutes of limitations on debt create limits for how long debt collectors are able to sue borrowers in a court of law. These limits vary by state but are often between three to 10 or more years. Once the statute of limitations on a debt has expired, the debt is considered time-barred. However, any action the borrower takes on the account has the potential to restart the statute of limitations clock.

While borrowing money can leave you in a stressful situation where you’re waiting for the clock to run out, it can also help you build your credit profile and access new financial opportunities.

Whether you're looking to build credit, apply for a new credit card, or save money with the cards you have, it's important to understand the options that are best for you. Learn more about credit cards by exploring this credit card guide.

## FAQ

### Do I still owe a debt after the statute of limitations has passed?

Yes. The statute of limitations passing simply means that the creditor cannot take legal action to recoup the debt. Your debt will still remain, and it can continue to affect your credit.

### Can a debt collector contact me after the statute of limitations has passed?

Yes, a debt collector can still contact you after the statute of limitations on debt passes as there isn’t a statute of limitations on debt collection. However, you do have the right to request that they stop contacting you. You can make this request by sending a cease communications letter.

Additionally, if you believe the contact is in violation of provisions in the Fair Debt Collection Practices Act — such as if they are harassing or threatening you — then you can file a complaint by contacting your local attorney general’s office, the Federal Trade Commission, or the Consumer Financial Protection Bureau.

### When does the statute of limitations commence?

The clock starts ticking on the statute of limitations on the last date of activity on the account. This generally means your last payment on the account, but it also could be when you last used the account, entered into a payment agreement, or made a promise to make a payment.

### After the statute of limitations has passed, how do I remove debt from my credit report?

Even if the statute of limitations has already passed, debt will remain on your credit report for seven years. At this point, it should automatically drop off your report. If, for some reason, it does not, then you can dispute the information with the credit bureau.

### What state’s laws on statute of limitations apply if I incur credit card debt in one state, then move to another state?

If you’re unsure of what the statute of limitations on credit card debt is, the first thing to do is to check your credit card agreement. Which state you live in may not have an impact, as many credit card companies dictate in the credit card agreement which state court will preside.

Financial Tips & Strategies: The tips provided on this website are of a general nature and do not take into account your specific objectives, financial situation, and needs. You should always consider their appropriateness given your own circumstances.

Third-Party Brand Mentions: No brands, products, or companies mentioned are affiliated with SoFi, nor do they endorse or sponsor this article. Third-party trademarks referenced herein are property of their respective owners.

External Websites: The information and analysis provided through hyperlinks to third-party websites, while believed to be accurate, cannot be guaranteed by SoFi. Links are provided for informational purposes and should not be viewed as an endorsement.

Tax Information: This article provides general background information only and is not intended to serve as legal or tax advice or as a substitute for legal counsel. You should consult your own attorney and/or tax advisor if you have a question requiring legal or tax advice.

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## Guide to Choosing a Credit Card

With so many options available, choosing a credit card isn’t as simple as signing up for whichever card happens to be popular at the moment. Instead, you should consider things like your credit score, preferred features, and spending habits.

After all, there are many different types of credit cards meant for different purposes. Making the best choice is about not only knowing your approval odds, but also how you intend to use the card after signing up. Using a step-by-step approach for how to choose a credit card will help you make the right decision for your situation.

## Where To Begin When Choosing a Credit Card

Choosing a credit card is a matter of understanding which type of credit card works best for you. You’ll want to consider a number of factors, including:

•   How you plan to use your new credit card and which features you’ll need

•   How the card stacks up to other options

•   The card’s interest rates and fees

•   Which rewards you want

•   Any sign-up bonuses offered

Checking your credit score should be one of the first steps you take before applying for a new credit card. One of the best ways to know your approval odds is to check your score.

One way to do so is to use AnnualCreditReport.com . This website allows you to request a copy of your credit report from each of the major credit reporting bureaus: Experian®, Equifax®, and TransUnion®. Federal law allows you to request one copy of your credit report from each reporting bureau per year.

However, you may want to check your credit score more often than once per year, especially if you are in the process of building your credit. Fortunately, several big banks allow you to check your FICO® score — the most widely used credit score — on a monthly basis.

There are several credit scoring models available, but most lenders use FICO, so getting this score can be a good way to gauge your chance of approval. These checks won’t guarantee you’ll get approved for a credit card, but they can help you get a better sense of where you stand. Plus, pulling your credit report won’t hurt your credit score.

### Identifying the Features You Need

There are many different types of credit cards, each of which has its own set of features. Identifying the features you need can help you find the right credit card, as how credit cards work varies depending on the type.

#### Credit Builder Credit Cards

Some credit cards are meant for those who are working on building their credit. This could include college students, those trying to repair their credit, or anyone with little to no credit history.

In those cases, you might need a secured credit card or a student credit card. Secured credit credit cards require a security deposit, usually around a couple or a few hundred dollars, that is fully refundable. Your credit limit is usually equal to your security deposit, so the card issuer has little risk of losing money. Student credit cards, on the other hand, are usually unsecured and may have special perks for students.

Here are some features to look for in credit builder credit cards:

•   No annual fee: If you are working to build your credit, annual fees could make things more difficult.

•   Credit limit increases: Credit limits often start low with these cards; some offer credit limit increases if you use your card responsibly.

•   Free credit score: Some credit builder cards offer free credit score monitoring to let you know where you stand.

#### Balance Transfer Credit Cards

Balance transfer credit cards are ideal for consolidating and paying off debt. Thus, the key with this type of card is finding one that keeps fees as low as possible:

•   0% introductory APR: Balance transfer credit cards may come with low or 0% balance transfer APR for a specified introductory period, sometimes lasting a year or more. Some even have a separate 0% APR introductory period for purchases. This can allow you to avoid paying much in interest for a certain period of time and instead put your money toward paying down the principal balance.

•   Balance transfer fees: These cards often charge separate balance transfer fees, which you should be aware of if you plan to transfer large balances.

#### Rewards Credit Cards

Credit card rules say that you shouldn’t get a card just for the points. However, rewards credit cards may come with a variety of benefits. These include cash back, points and miles, and various perks, such as rental car insurance and airport lounge access. You can redeem points and miles for statement credits, gift cards, flights, and hotels, so you’ll have to decide what’s most important to you.

Here are some rewards credit card features to consider:

•   Sign-up bonuses: Some rewards credit cards include sign-up bonuses that can be worth hundreds of dollars.

•   Low or no annual fee: While some of these credit cards have annual fees, not all of them do.

•   Rewards categories: Rewards credit cards generally let you earn a percentage of your purchases in cash back or points/miles. Some have higher earning rates for certain categories, such as groceries or travel. Look for one that earns a lot of points where you normally spend the most.

•   Other perks: These cards can come with a variety of other perks, from UberEats credits to free hotel nights. If you never travel, for example, you may not be interested in free hotel stays.

The key to how to pick a credit card is understanding how you want to use it. While some credit cards are more like generalists, doing many things somewhat well, others are niche cards that are great in certain scenarios. Consider what’s most important to you and how much you need certain features.

Once you’ve decided which type of credit card you want, the next step is to compare some of the best options. For instance, if you want a rewards credit card and don’t want to pay a high annual fee, look for no annual fee rewards credit cards. For balance transfer credit cards, you can look for ones with the lowest fees, including a lengthy 0% introductory APR. Also keep in mind you don’t need to rely on one card to meet all of your needs — here’s a primer on how many credit cards you should have.

Identify a handful of cards that look like good candidates based on your research. Once you have two to three cards that seem like the right fit, you might want to submit a prequalification form. This process will give you a hint about whether you might qualify — and it won’t affect your credit score. Prequalification doesn’t guarantee approval, but it will help you know where you stand.

### Familiarizing Yourself With the Interest Fees and Rates

Having a basic understanding of interest rates and fees will help you avoid paying more than expected to use your new credit card.

Different types of credit cards tend to come with varying interest rates. For instance, the minimum annual percentage rate (APR) for travel cards tends to currently range between 18.24% and 29.99%. However, the maximum APR for these credit cards can be slightly lower than the maximum for 0% APR and low-interest credit cards.

Of course, fees also matter. Balance transfer cards might have a 0% introductory period, but a fee may apply every time you initiate a balance transfer. Depending on the card, other fees may be involved, such as late fees and penalties, annual fees, and foreign transaction fees. Be sure to review all relevant fees before signing up for and using a credit card.

### Deciding Which Rewards You Want

You also may need to decide which type of rewards you’ll want to earn. There are a few different types of rewards that credit cards can offer:

•   Cash back: With a cash back rewards credit card, you will earn a percentage in cash on each eligible purchase you make with your card. You could get a flat rate across categories, or you may earn a higher rate in specific categories. Or you might see offers for unlimited cash back. If you want to earn rewards across spending categories and don’t want to worry about calculating and converting, cash back might be the right rewards option for you.

•   Points: Another way to earn credit card rewards is through points. You’ll earn a certain number of points for every dollar spent, with the rate and redemption options varying depending on the issuer. The perk of points is that you can redeem them in a number of different ways, including cash back, travel, charitable donations, statement credits, gift cards, and more.

•   Miles: If you’re a frequent flier, you might prefer earning airline miles. Credit cards that allow you to earn miles let you redeem your rewards for flights and other travel-related perks, such as hotel stays or access to airport lounges.

### Looking at Sign-Up Bonuses

Some credit cards feature sign-up bonuses to attract new customers. Usually, you have to spend a certain amount in the first three or four months of opening the card. If you meet the minimum spending threshold within that time frame, you’ll receive cash, points, or miles as a reward. The trick is to ensure you can meet the spending threshold on time.

There can be a wide range of bonus amounts; for instance, the Chase Freedom® Student credit card has a \$50 bonus for making a purchase in the three months. On the other end of the spectrum is the American Express Platinum Card, which at the time of writing offers 125,000 points after spending \$8,000 in the first six months. Most sign-up bonuses, however, fall somewhere in between.

## Choosing the Card With the Highest Overall Value

There are several credit cards available that offer similar benefits. In those cases, you will want to compare them directly to one another and find features that give one card the edge. Here are a few things to consider for each type of credit card:

Student and secured credit cards:

•   Credit limit increases: Some student credit cards will automatically increase your credit limit if your account remains in good standing.

•   Flexible credit lines: Some secured credit cards give you access to a larger credit line than your deposit.

0% introductory APR or balance transfer credit cards:

•   No late fees or penalties: Some credit cards waive these fees, which might be helpful when transferring balances.

•   Installment plans: Some balance transfer cards offer installment plans to help you repay your balance over time.

Rewards or travel credit cards:

•   Low spending threshold: Requirements to earn sign-up bonuses can vary; look for one that’s well within your budget.

•   Points transfer: Some travel credit cards let you transfer points to airlines or hotels, which can lead to better redemption rates in some cases.

Your credit score is one of the biggest factors in determining whether you’re approved for a credit card. If you have poor or no credit, you probably won’t get approved for a card that requires very good to excellent credit, regardless of other factors, given what a credit card is and how the approval process works.

Luxury credit cards, for example, may require a credit score of 670 or higher. If your score is higher, you might be approved for one of these cards (though approval is not guaranteed). If your credit score is below 670, however, your approval odds will probably be quite low.

While a credit score and credit card offers are intertwined, that may not be the only factor a card issuer considers. Issuers might also look at things such as your employment status and income. This is one of the reasons that a good credit score doesn’t guarantee approval.

Still, a better credit score can help you secure the credit card you want. As such, you might consider taking steps to build your credit score before applying for a credit card, such as by making on-time payments or lowering your credit utilization ratio.

## What Comes Next After Choosing a Credit Card?

If you’ve already submitted prequalification forms, you should have some idea about your approval odds for each card. As mentioned, those forms do not guarantee approval but can serve as a valuable guideline.

Once you have chosen a credit card, it’s time to apply. Some general steps are to:

1.    Visit the card issuer’s website and click apply.

2.    Fill in the required information.

In some cases, you may receive instant approval (or denial). In others, the card company will need more time to review your application. If approved, you can usually expect to receive your card in the mail in seven to 10 business days.

If you are denied, you can call the card’s reconsideration line and provide additional information. Perhaps you forgot some additional sources of income that could help your case. Anything that may help is worth mentioning.

Recommended: Does Applying for a Credit Card Hurt Your Credit Score?

## The Takeaway

Deciding which credit card is best for you can be a long and arduous process. However, once you have a better understanding of what you need, the process of choosing a credit card doesn’t have to be so complicated. Some credit cards are simply better than others, and picking them is a surprisingly easy choice after comparison shopping.

Whether you're looking to build credit, apply for a new credit card, or save money with the cards you have, it's important to understand the options that are best for you. Learn more about credit cards by exploring this credit card guide.

## FAQ

### How does your credit score determine the card to choose?

Your credit score is one of the most important factors in deciding which credit card to choose. For example, if your credit score is poor, you probably won’t be approved for a premium card with excellent rewards that requires good to excellent credit.

### How do you choose a credit card for the first time?

In most cases, the best choice for your first card should have no annual fee. Some good choices are student credit cards (for students) or secured credit cards. These cards are ideal for building credit and often have low fees.

### What is the most important factor when choosing a credit card?

The most important factor when choosing a credit card is probably how you intend to use it. For example, a premium credit card may offer excellent benefits for the frequent traveler, but someone who just wants to earn cash back on groceries may not benefit from travel perks.

Photo credit: iStock/Eva-Katalin

Financial Tips & Strategies: The tips provided on this website are of a general nature and do not take into account your specific objectives, financial situation, and needs. You should always consider their appropriateness given your own circumstances.

Disclaimer: Many factors affect your credit scores and the interest rates you may receive. SoFi is not a Credit Repair Organization as defined under federal or state law, including the Credit Repair Organizations Act. SoFi does not provide “credit repair” services or advice or assistance regarding “rebuilding” or “improving” your credit record, credit history, or credit rating. For details, see the FTC’s website .

Third-Party Brand Mentions: No brands, products, or companies mentioned are affiliated with SoFi, nor do they endorse or sponsor this article. Third-party trademarks referenced herein are property of their respective owners.

External Websites: The information and analysis provided through hyperlinks to third-party websites, while believed to be accurate, cannot be guaranteed by SoFi. Links are provided for informational purposes and should not be viewed as an endorsement.

SOCC-Q224-1910756-V1

## Guide to Minimum Deposits

When you open a new checking or savings account, some financial institutions require you to make a minimum opening deposit, which might be anywhere from \$25 to \$100. In some cases, you may also need to meet certain ongoing minimum balance requirements to avoid fees or qualify for a certain annual percentage yield (APY).

Fortunately, there are banks, credit unions, and other financial institutions that don’t require a minimum deposit so you can stash and spend your money even if you’re low on cash. Here are key things to know about minimum deposit and balance requirements for bank accounts.

## What Is a Minimum Deposit?

A minimum deposit is the lowest amount of money you need to open a new bank account with a bank or credit union. It can also refer to the minimum balance you must maintain in order to receive certain perks or avoid fees.

Minimum deposits vary depending on the type of account and the financial institution. Some banks do not request a minimum deposit to open a basic checking or savings account, while others require between \$25 and \$100. Generally, higher minimum deposits are associated with premium services and higher APYs.

If you’re in the market for a bank account, it’s a good idea to check with the bank or credit union to determine whether an initial deposit is required, your options for depositing the funds, and if there are any ongoing balance requirements.

## Types of Minimum Balance Requirements

When researching checking and savings accounts, keep in mind that there are typically two types of minimum balance requirements. Let’s clarify those terms, since they can sometimes be used interchangeably and cause confusion.

### Minimum Opening Deposits

A minimum opening deposit is the amount of money required to activate a new account, such as a checking, savings, or money market account, or a certificate of deposit (CD). Generally, a money market account or CD will come with a higher opening deposit than a basic savings or checking account.

You can usually make a minimum opening deposit by transferring money from an account at another bank or from an account you already have at that same bank. You can also usually make an opening deposit using a check, money order, or debit card. Keep in mind you are not limited to making the minimum opening deposit — you can typically open a bank account with more than the required minimum.

There are some financial institutions that offer accounts with no minimum opening deposits. However, it’s important to read the fine print. In some cases, these accounts may require you to make a deposit within a certain timeframe (such as 60 days) in order to keep the account open.

### Minimum Monthly Balance

A minimum monthly balance is the amount of money that must be maintained in the account each month to enjoy certain benefits or avoid fees. These minimums can range anywhere from \$100 to \$2,500, depending on the institution and type of account. If you opt for an account with a balance minimum, you may be able to set up alerts on your bank’s app to let you know when your funds are slipping below a certain threshold.

Minimum balance requirements can vary in their specifics, but typically fall into one of these three categories.

•   Minimum daily balance: This requirement means you need to maintain a minimum amount of money in your account each day to avoid fees or qualify for certain benefits, like earning interest.

•   Average minimum balance: Banks calculate this by adding up the balances in your account at the end of each day over a statement period, then dividing that total by the number of days in the period.

•   Minimum combined balance: This involves averaging the total amount of money you have across multiple accounts, such as a checking and a savings account, each month. This combined average must meet the minimum balance requirement to avoid fees or earn benefits.

## How Do Minimum Deposits Work?

Minimum deposits work by setting a threshold that must be met to open or maintain a bank account. The minimum opening deposit is required to open a new account, while the minimum monthly balance must be maintained each month (or day) to avoid fees or earn a higher interest rate. It’s important to note that the minimum opening deposit is a one-time requirement, while the minimum monthly balance must be maintained on an ongoing basis.

In addition, some accounts may require a minimum monthly deposit (such as direct deposit of your paycheck) to qualify for certain account benefits, such as earning a higher APY or avoiding a monthly fee.

## Real World Example of a Minimum Deposit

Let’s say you decide to open a savings account at XYZ bank. The bank has a \$50 minimum deposit to open the account and to start earning interest, so you transfer \$50 into the account from an account you have at another bank.

XYZ bank also requires you to maintain a monthly minimum balance of \$250 to avoid a \$3 service fee. You’re not a fan of fees, so you keep tabs on your account and make sure you always have at least \$250 in the account. To help, you set up an automatic alert on your banking app to let you know when the account dips below \$250 so you can top up the account and avoid fees.

## What Happens If You Don’t Maintain a Minimum?

If you fail to maintain the minimum monthly balance required by your bank, you may be charged a fee, lose any interest you were set to earn that month, or forgo other perks. The specific consequences vary depending on the financial institution and the type of account.

## The Takeaway

Minimum deposits are an important aspect of managing a bank account. When you open a new checking or savings account, you may need to make a certain initial deposit to activate the account. You may also be required to keep the balance in the account above a certain threshold in order to avoid a monthly service fee or earn a certain interest rate.

It’s important to be aware of the minimum deposit requirements for your bank account. This helps ensure that you get all the perks of your bank account, while avoiding any unexpected costs.

Interested in opening an online bank account? When you sign up for a SoFi Checking and Savings account with direct deposit, you’ll get a competitive annual percentage yield (APY), pay zero account fees, and enjoy an array of rewards, such as access to the Allpoint Network of 55,000+ fee-free ATMs globally. Qualifying accounts can even access their paycheck up to two days early.

Better banking is here with SoFi, NerdWallet’s 2024 winner for Best Checking Account Overall.* Enjoy up to 4.50% APY on SoFi Checking and Savings.

## FAQ

### What is a minimum opening balance and how much is it?

A minimum opening balance is the initial deposit required to open a bank account. This amount varies depending on the bank and the type of account. For example, some banks may require as little as \$25 to open a basic savings account, while others may require several hundred dollars for a checking account that earns interest.

### What is a minimum monthly deposit and how much is it?

A minimum monthly deposit is the amount of money you must deposit into your bank account each month to avoid fees or earn certain perks, like a higher interest rate. This requirement varies by bank and account type. Some banks may not have a minimum monthly deposit requirement, while others may require a certain amount, such as \$500 or \$1,000, to be deposited each month to avoid fees.

### What bank has no minimum balance?

Several banks and credit unions offer accounts with no minimum balance requirement. These banks include Ally, NBKC, SoFi, Discover, Connexus Credit Union, Ally, Capital One, and Chime.

### Why do banks require an initial deposit?

Banks require an initial deposit to open an account for several reasons. First, it helps ensure that the account is legitimate and that the customer is serious about opening and maintaining the account. Second, it helps cover the costs associated with opening the account, such as processing paperwork and issuing a debit card. Finally, it helps the bank establish a relationship with the customer, which can lead to additional business in the future.

Photo credit: iStock/pinstock

SoFi members with direct deposit activity can earn 4.50% annual percentage yield (APY) on savings balances (including Vaults) and 0.50% APY on checking balances. Direct Deposit means a recurring deposit of regular income to an account holder’s SoFi Checking or Savings account, including payroll, pension, or government benefit payments (e.g., Social Security), made by the account holder’s employer, payroll or benefits provider or government agency (“Direct Deposit”) via the Automated Clearing House (“ACH”) Network during a 30-day Evaluation Period (as defined below). Deposits that are not from an employer or government agency, including but not limited to check deposits, peer-to-peer transfers (e.g., transfers from PayPal, Venmo, etc.), merchant transactions (e.g., transactions from PayPal, Stripe, Square, etc.), and bank ACH funds transfers and wire transfers from external accounts, or are non-recurring in nature (e.g., IRS tax refunds), do not constitute Direct Deposit activity. There is no minimum Direct Deposit amount required to qualify for the stated interest rate. SoFi members with direct deposit are eligible for other SoFi Plus benefits.

As an alternative to direct deposit, SoFi members with Qualifying Deposits can earn 4.50% APY on savings balances (including Vaults) and 0.50% APY on checking balances. Qualifying Deposits means one or more deposits that, in the aggregate, are equal to or greater than \$5,000 to an account holder’s SoFi Checking and Savings account (“Qualifying Deposits”) during a 30-day Evaluation Period (as defined below). Qualifying Deposits only include those deposits from the following eligible sources: (i) ACH transfers, (ii) inbound wire transfers, (iii) peer-to-peer transfers (i.e., external transfers from PayPal, Venmo, etc. and internal peer-to-peer transfers from a SoFi account belonging to another account holder), (iv) check deposits, (v) instant funding to your SoFi Bank Debit Card, (vi) push payments to your SoFi Bank Debit Card, and (vii) cash deposits. Qualifying Deposits do not include: (i) transfers between an account holder’s Checking account, Savings account, and/or Vaults; (ii) interest payments; (iii) bonuses issued by SoFi Bank or its affiliates; or (iv) credits, reversals, and refunds from SoFi Bank, N.A. (“SoFi Bank”) or from a merchant. SoFi members with Qualifying Deposits are not eligible for other SoFi Plus benefits.

SoFi Bank shall, in its sole discretion, assess each account holder’s Direct Deposit activity and Qualifying Deposits throughout each 30-Day Evaluation Period to determine the applicability of rates and may request additional documentation for verification of eligibility. The 30-Day Evaluation Period refers to the “Start Date” and “End Date” set forth on the APY Details page of your account, which comprises a period of 30 calendar days (the “30-Day Evaluation Period”). You can access the APY Details page at any time by logging into your SoFi account on the SoFi mobile app or SoFi website and selecting either (i) Banking > Savings > Current APY or (ii) Banking > Checking > Current APY. Upon receiving a Direct Deposit or \$5,000 in Qualifying Deposits to your account, you will begin earning 4.50% APY on savings balances (including Vaults) and 0.50% on checking balances on or before the following calendar day. You will continue to earn these APYs for (i) the remainder of the current 30-Day Evaluation Period and through the end of the subsequent 30-Day Evaluation Period and (ii) any following 30-day Evaluation Periods during which SoFi Bank determines you to have Direct Deposit activity or \$5,000 in Qualifying Deposits without interruption.

SoFi Bank reserves the right to grant a grace period to account holders following a change in Direct Deposit activity or Qualifying Deposits activity before adjusting rates. If SoFi Bank grants you a grace period, the dates for such grace period will be reflected on the APY Details page of your account. If SoFi Bank determines that you did not have Direct Deposit activity or \$5,000 in Qualifying Deposits during the current 30-day Evaluation Period and, if applicable, the grace period, then you will begin earning the rates earned by account holders without either Direct Deposit or Qualifying Deposits until you have Direct Deposit activity or \$5,000 in Qualifying Deposits in a subsequent 30-Day Evaluation Period. For the avoidance of doubt, an account holder with both Direct Deposit activity and Qualifying Deposits will earn the rates earned by account holders with Direct Deposit.

Members without either Direct Deposit activity or Qualifying Deposits, as determined by SoFi Bank, during a 30-Day Evaluation Period and, if applicable, the grace period, will earn 1.20% APY on savings balances (including Vaults) and 0.50% APY on checking balances.

Interest rates are variable and subject to change at any time. These rates are current as of 8/27/2024. There is no minimum balance requirement. Additional information can be found at http://www.sofi.com/legal/banking-rate-sheet.