While using your credit card can be an easy and convenient way to make purchases, you’ll need to be on the lookout for would-be thieves. The level of credit card fraud that occurs is staggering. According to recent data from industry publication The Nilson Report, payment card losses amounted to $27.85 billion in 2019.
To protect yourself from credit card fraud, you might consider a virtual credit card. We’ll talk about what a virtual credit card is, their advantages and downsides, and how to get a virtual credit card.
What Is a Virtual Credit Card?
A virtual credit card is a temporary, disposable credit card that can be used when making online purchases. Their intent to safeguard your actual credit card numbers from fraudsters. In turn, it could protect your credit card from hackers.
Virtual credit cards are made for temporary use. When you use a card online, the retailer can only see and store the temporary credit card number, adding another layer of protection should a data breach occur.
Recommended: Does Applying For a Credit Card Hurt Your Credit Score
How Do Virtual Credit Cards Work?
Not all credit card networks issue virtual credit cards. If a virtual credit card is offered, you can request a temp credit card from the bank through your online account. When you get a virtual credit card, the 16-digit number is randomly generated, and comes with a security code and expiration date. This information is tied to your account.
A major perk of a virtual credit card is that they’re intended for temporary use. These cards typically expire after a day, although some have a 12-month expiration date. A new 16-digit credit card code can be generated for each transaction.
Virtual Credit Card vs Digital Wallet
The major difference between virtual wallets and digital wallets is that with a digital wallet, you would store the exact credit card numbers as what’s on your credit card. When you make a purchase with a digital wallet, however, many digital wallets store a temporary card number.
Another major difference between the two is where they can be used. You can use a virtual credit card for any online purchase where credit cards are accepted. A digital wallet, on the other hand, can only be used at retailers where digital wallet payments are accepted, which might not be everywhere.
Recommended: When Are Credit Card Payments Due
Pros and Cons of Virtual Credit Cards
Here’s an overview of the advantages and drawbacks of using virtual credit cards, which we cover in more detail below.
Pros and Cons of a Virtual Credit Card
|Greater protection from fraudsters||Generally only useable online or over the phone|
|Flexibility in use||Can be more challenging to use for certain purchases|
|Ability to customize how long the virtual credit card is active||May be more difficult to receive a refund|
|Transactions show up on your account||Requires extra legwork to get|
Recommended: Tips for Using a Credit Card Responsibly
Here are the major upsides of using virtual credit cards:
• Greater protection from fraudsters: Your actual 16-digital credit card number, payment information, and personal information is safeguarded when using a virtual credit card. In the case that a hacker steals your virtual card number, that number will expire shortly. Plus, the hacker won’t have access to your personal information or identity.
• Flexibility in use: You can change your temp card number as often as you like, at the drop of a hat, and create new card numbers for different retailers. You can even set spending limits or freeze your account without the same changes being reflected in your actual credit card account.
• Transactions are posted to your account: While the credit card number is a temporary one, credit card charges made with your virtual card do show up on your credit card statements. In turn, you can keep better track of all purchases, whether using a virtual card with temporary numbers or your actual credit card number. This tie to your account also means you can get cash back rewards with a credit card even if it’s temporary.
• Ability to customize how long the number stays active: Depending on the credit card issuer, you might be able to customize the length of time a virtual card number stays active. Or, you can set a specific spending limit. This might come in handy if you’re using a joint credit card, or if you use a virtual credit card for recurring monthly purchases.
There are also drawbacks to virtual credit cards that are important to take into account as well. These include:
• Generally can only be used online or over the phone: Due to their nature and intent, virtual credit cards generally can only be used online and for some over-the-phone purchases. So it won’t offer fraud protections when you use your credit card for brick-and-mortar purchases. However, if you link your virtual credit card to your digital wallet, you might be able to use your virtual credit card at select physical locations.
• Might be more challenging to use for certain purchases: If you’re using a virtual card to book a flight or hotel reservation, and the card number expires after 24 hours, it could get a little prickly when the hotel asks for the same credit card number. In those cases, you might need to call your bank, or consider using a permanent credit card.
• Might be harder to get a refund: Another scenario when using a virtual credit card can be more complicated is when a refund is issued and the retailer can’t refund the amount to a virtual card after it has expired. In that case, you might have to opt for a store credit instead.
• Requires extra legwork to get: If you want to take advantage of the added security of a virtual credit card number, you might have to make a bit more effort than just swiping your card. You’ll have to contact your issuer each time you want to get a temp credit card number, and stay on top of short usage windows.
Recommended: What is the Average Credit Card Limit
How Is a Virtual Credit Card Number Generated?
Virtual credit card numbers are randomly generated sequences that are linked to your existing credit card account, just like an authorized user on a credit card would be. In some cases, to access the virtual card number, you’ll need to download the virtual card issuer’s app. Other issuers may allow you to do so through their website or through the existing banking app.
Depending on the credit card issuer, you might receive a virtual card number for different merchants. Or, you might receive a randomized 16-digital credit card sequence to use for any merchant.
The number might be good for 24 hours, after which you’d need to request a new number. Some virtual credit cards allow you to choose when a credit card is set to expire. For instance, you might choose for it to expire after a day of use, or after several months so you can use the same virtual card for recurring purchases.
Tips for Protecting Your Identity Online
Even using a virtual credit card number doesn’t make you immune to theft. Here are some ways to protect your identity and virtual credit card online:
• Sign up for a credit monitoring service. This will help you detect any suspicious behavior.
• Use a virtual private network (VPN). For a more secure connection, connect to a VPN when using public WiFi.
• Create unique passwords. Passwords to online merchant accounts should not only be unique, but a combination of letters and numbers.
• Set up alerts on your virtual credit card. Setting up alerts on your credit card for online purchases can make you immediately aware of fraudulent activity.
• Use trusted, known sites. For instance, check to see if the site is secure and has “https” instead of “http” in the URL.
• Don’t buy into credit card loss protection. If you receive an unsolicited email or call from someone claiming to be from the security department of a credit card company and asking you to activate the protection features on your card, beware. It’s a scam. You don’t need it, as credit cards typically have built-in liability protection.
Recommended: What is a Charge Card
Virtual Credit Card Alternatives
If your credit card issuer doesn’t offer a virtual credit card, or you don’t think it’s a good fit for you, here are some other options:
• Prepaid credit cards: If concern when using a credit card for a purchase is top of mind, a prepaid credit card is a reloadable card that you can use for purchases. Note that while these are a safe way to make purchases, prepaid credit cards come stacked with fees and don’t help you build credit.
• Gift cards: A gift card is also a safe way to make purchases online without fraudsters accessing your personal information or credit card number. Gift cards can be used for particular merchants or anywhere the credit card network with which the gift card is associated is accepted.
A virtual credit card can provide an extra layer of protection and prevent your credit card and personal information from getting into the wrong hands. However, you can typically only use virtual credit cards for online purchases and some purchases over the phone. Plus, they usually can only be used temporarily, often for one day.
If you’re looking for digital options in your credit card use, you might consider the credit card offered by SoFi. The SoFi credit card lets you sync up your credit card to your digital wallet. Plus, you can enjoy 2% unlimited cash back rewards on eligible purchases. Cardholders earn 1% cash back rewards when redeemed for a statement credit.1
Is a virtual credit card secure?
A virtual credit card offers added protection as you aren’t using your actual credit card number when making purchases. This helps prevent fraudsters from accessing your actual credit card number and sensitive information. Instead, you receive a temporary 16-digit code with its own expiration date and security code.
Can I get an instant approval for my virtual credit card?
Some virtual credit cards do offer instant approval. Once you receive your random credit card code, you usually can use it right away.
Can you get a virtual credit card anonymously?
No, you won’t be able to obtain a virtual credit card anonymously. You’ll need to request a virtual credit card by logging on to your existing credit card account. Once you make a request, you’ll receive your virtual credit card.
1See Rewards Details at SoFi.com/card/rewards.
Financial Tips & Strategies: The tips provided on this website are of a general nature and do not take into account your specific objectives, financial situation, and needs. You should always consider their appropriateness given your own circumstances.
The SoFi Credit Card is issued by The Bank of Missouri (TBOM) (“Issuer”) pursuant to license by Mastercard® International Incorporated and can be used everywhere Mastercard is accepted. Mastercard is a registered trademark, and the circles design is a trademark of Mastercard International Incorporated.
Photo credit: iStock/nesharm