23 Tax Deductions for College Students and Other Young Adults

By Kylie Ora Lobell · July 08, 2023 · 8 minute read

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23 Tax Deductions for College Students and Other Young Adults

If you’re a student or a recent grad, you are likely just starting your financial life and looking for ways to economize. One way to do that is to learn about the tax deductions and credits that can often help you lower your tax bill whether you’re still in school or just got your degree.

Here, you’ll learn about more than 20 possible ways you can save on your tax bill. But keep in mind: Taxes can get complicated. If you have any outstanding questions or concerns about your specific situation, consider consulting with a tax professional.

Smart Tax Deductions for Young Adults

1. American Opportunity Tax Credit

If someone is still in school, they might qualify for The American Opportunity Tax Credit (AOTC). The AOTC allows people to take a student tax credit of up to $2,500 for tuition, fees, and course materials they paid for during the taxable year for an undergraduate education.

In addition, 40% of the credit, or up to $1,000, is refundable, which means that someone can receive it even if they happen not to owe any taxes for the year. To qualify, the taxpayer or their dependent needs to be pursuing a degree and enrolled half-time at the very least. A taxpayer can only take advantage of this for four years, no matter how long it takes the student to finish the degree.

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2. Lifetime Learning Credit

Unlike the AOTC, the Lifetime Learning Credit (LLC) is available to vocational, graduate, and non-degree or vocational students, too. The maximum benefit? Up to $2,000 is allowed per tax return. To learn more about the differences between the LLC and AOTC and which one might be right for you, see this IRS chart.

3. Student Loan Interest

Students and parents of students paying for a child’s education through student loans can use the student loan interest tax benefit for education. With this deduction, they can deduct up to $2,500 in interest they paid for the year.

4. Moving Expenses

Perhaps instead of going to college, a young adult enrolled in the military instead. If they are a Member of Active Forces on active duty and had to move due to a military order, then they could take a deduction for themselves, their spouse, and their dependents. On https://www.irs.gov/pub/irs-pdf/f3903.pdf, active members of the military can claim expenses related to a military move like transportation and storage of household goods and personal effects and travel (including lodging) from the old home to the new home. They cannot include the cost of meals.

The IRS has an interactive tool to help taxpayers determine whether or not their moving expenses may qualify for a moving deduction.

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5. Self-Employment Tax

If a young adult chose to go into business for themselves after graduating, then they can deduct one-half of their self-employment tax, which is 12.4% for Social Security and 2.9% for Medicare. They can do this when figuring their adjusted gross income on Form 1040 or Form 1040-SR.

6. Home Office

Someone who works at home, whether they’re working at their job remotely or after hours, or they are self-employed, can take a deduction for their home office. Someone can deduct expenses that keep their home office running such as utilities, insurance, and general repairs, but they cannot deduct unrelated expenses like a gardening bill or the paint they used for a room that is not their office. There is a simplified method for this deduction as well as a regular one. With the simple one, taxpayers can deduct $5 per square foot of the home used for business, with a 300-square-foot maximum (see both methods on the IRS’ website ).

Recommended: Do You Qualify for Home Office Tax Deductions?

7. Standard Mileage Rate

If a young adult is using their car for business purposes, then they may be able to deduct their standard mileage rate, which is 65.5 cents (0.655) per mile as of 2023. They need to keep in mind, however, that if they use the standard mileage rate, they cannot use the car expenses deduction as well. They cannot deduct lease payments, gasoline, car depreciation, vehicle registration fees, oil, or insurance.

8. Car Expenses

When a young adult does not use the standard mileage rate, then they can deduct car expenses that involve business purposes from their taxes. If they use the vehicle for personal and business expenses, then they need to split the deductions.

9. Meals While Traveling

When traveling for business, young adults who are entrepreneurs or self-employed can take a 50% deduction for their unreimbursed business meals. They can either take a standard meal allowance through the IRS or keep records of their actual costs for their meals and take those deductions.

10. Other Travel Expenses

The IRS also allows taxpayers to deduct some travel expenses. If young adults own their own business or are otherwise traveling for professional purposes, they could deduct things like travel by airplane, car, or train, fares for taxis to and from the airport to the hotel, the shipping of baggage, dry cleaning, and laundry, and business calls made on the trip.

11. Business Interest

If a young entrepreneur took out a business loan vs. a personal loan to get their startup running, then they can deduct the interest they paid. If they utilized the loan proceeds for more than one type of expense, then they need to allocate the interest based on how they used the loan’s proceeds.

12. 401(k) Deduction for Employed People

If a young adult has a job that’s providing them with a 401(k), then they can take a certain amount of deductions from their tax return. For tax year 2023, the maximum contribution that would qualify for an individual is $2,000, with a credit of $1,000.

Individuals may also qualify for a deduction for their IRA contributions as well. If they file as single or head of household, for instance, and their modified adjusted gross income is $66,000 or less, then they can take the full deduction up to the amount of their contribution limit.

13. IRA Deduction for Self-Employed People

If someone does not have a job that provides a 401(k), they may be eligible to deduct their contributions to an IRA. This can be a common tax deduction when you are self-employed.

You can learn more about the various kinds of IRAs and possible deductions from the IRS website.

14. Employee Pay

A young entrepreneur who has hired someone as an independent contractor, you may be able to deduct their income from the tax return. You may want to check in with a tax professional if you hire contract workers or salaried individuals to make sure you stay on top of your taxes.

15. Educator Expenses

A young graduate who is working as a teacher is able to deduct up to $300 of the expenses they put towards things they used in the classroom, such as books, courses, and computer equipment. If they teach a course in physical education or health, then-athletic supplies would count towards the deduction as well.

16. Health Savings Account

If a taxpayer chose to use a tax-deductible Health Savings Account (HSA) for their healthcare expenses in 2023, then they can contribute up to $3,850 for self-only coverage. An HSA can earn interest or other earnings, and they won’t be taxed.

Recommended: HSA vs. FSA: What Are the Differences?

17. 401(k) Contributions

The IRS will not tax the money that goes from a paycheck into a 401(k). However, there is a limit of $22,500 in 2023. This is for traditional and safe harbor plans.

18. SIMPLE 401(k) Contributions

If a young adult has a SIMPLE 401(k), then they can contribute up to $15,500 from their paychecks in 2023 and still reap the tax benefits.

19. Home Mortgage Interest

If a young adult is fortunate enough to own their own home, they may qualify for the home mortgage interest deduction, which allows them to deduct home mortgage interest on the first $750,000 of their debt.

20. State and Local Tax Deduction

Under federal rules, taxpayers can deduct up to $10,000 for state and local taxes if they are single or married filing jointly.

21. Charitable Contributions

If young adults donated to a charity in 2022, then they can take a deduction on their return. Just remember that federal law limits cash contributions to just 60% of the federal AGI for the year. It’s always best to keep receipts and records of charitable contributions in order to take the deduction.

22. Medical Expenses

Healthcare is very expensive, but the IRS allows taxpayers to deduct the amount of total medical expenses that exceed 7.5% of the AGI. Medical expenses include payments for diagnosing, preventing, and mitigating disease.

23. Residential Energy Credit

If a young adult is lucky enough to own their own home and invests in qualifying clean energy (think heat pumps, solar panels, geothermal energy), they may be able to claim up to 30% of the costs as a tax credit.

The Takeaway

Making smart use of tax deductions can help maximize a tax refund or minimize tax liability. Even if you are a student or a young person, you may be able to claim deductions and credits that make a difference on your tax return. You might even qualify for a tax refund that you could use to pay down debt or sock away in the bank to earn interest.

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