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Finding Your Old 401k: Here's What to Do

By Rebecca Lake · March 29, 2022 · 5 minute read

We’re here to help! First and foremost, SoFi Learn strives to be a beneficial resource to you as you navigate your financial journey. Read more We develop content that covers a variety of financial topics. Sometimes, that content may include information about products, features, or services that SoFi does not provide. We aim to break down complicated concepts, loop you in on the latest trends, and keep you up-to-date on the stuff you can use to help get your money right. Read less

Finding Your Old 401k: Here's What to Do

Ever wish you could click on an app called “Find my 401k”? It’s surprisingly easy to lose track of a 401(k) account when you change jobs or careers. The good news: The money isn’t gone, and there are ways to reclaim your missing account.

The quickest way to find old 401k money is to contact your former employer to see where the account is now. It’s possible that your lost 401k isn’t lost at all; instead, it’s right where you left it. In some cases, however, employers may cash out an old 401k or roll it over to an IRA on behalf of a former employee. In that case, you might have to do a little more digging to find lost 401k funds.

If you need to rescue an unclaimed 401k, here’s what you need to know.

Why You Should Recover Your Old 401k

There’s a simple reason why you should attempt to recover a lost 401k account: It’s your money. Whether your old 401k plan holds a lot of money or a little, every penny counts when staying on track with your retirement savings.

Another important point to consider: If you’ve changed jobs multiple times, it’s possible that you could have more than one “lost” 401k — and taken together, that money could make a surprising difference to your nest egg.

Last, if you were lucky to have an employer that offered a matching 401(k) contribution, your missing account (or accounts) may have more money in them than you think. For example, a common employer match is 50%, up to the first 6% of your salary. If you don’t make an effort to find old 401k accounts, you’re missing out on that “free money” as well.

Tips for Finding an Old 401k

There’s no real secret to how to find old 401k accounts. But the process can be a little time consuming as it may require you to search online or make a phone call or two. But it can be well worth it if you’re able to locate your old 401k.

Contact Former Employers

The first place to start when trying to find old 401k accounts is with your previous employer. You can contact the Human Resources department to ask what’s happening with your account.

If you had more than $5,000 in your 401k at the time you left your job, it’s likely that your money may still be with the employer. In that case, you have a few options for what to do with the money:

•   Leave it where it is

•   Transfer your 401k to your current employer’s qualified plan

•   Rollover the account into an Individual Retirement Account (IRA)

•   Cash it out

When your plan balance is less than $5,000 your employer might require you to do a 401(k) rollover or cash it out. If you’re comfortable with the investment options offered through the plan and the fees you’ll pay, you might decide to leave it alone until you get a little closer to retirement. On the other hand, if you’d like to consolidate all of your retirement money into a single account, you may want to roll it into your current plan or into an IRA.

Cashing out your 401k has some downsides. You would owe taxes on the money, and likely an early withdrawal penalty as well. So you may only want to consider this option if your account holds a smaller amount of money. If you had less than $5,000 in your old 401k, it’s possible that your employer may have rolled the money over to an IRA for you or cashed it out and mailed a check to you.

Find Old Statements

If you have an old account statement, you can contact your 401k provider directly to find out what’s happened to your lost 401k. This might be necessary if your former employer has gone out of business and your old 401k plan was terminated.

When a company terminates a 401k, the IRS requires a rollover notice to be sent to plan participants. If you’ve moved since leaving the company, the plan administrator may have outdated address information for you on file. So you may not be aware that the money was rolled over.

Either way, your plan administrator should be able to tell you which custodian now holds your lost 401k funds. Once you have that information, you could reach out to the custodian to determine how much money is in the account. You can then decide if you want to leave it where it is, roll it over to another retirement account, or cash it out.

Checking With the Department of Labor

Different types of retirement plans, including 401k plans, are required to keep certain information on file with the IRS and the Department of Labor (DOL). One key piece of information is DOL Form 5500. This form is used to collect data for employee benefit plans that are subject to federal ERISA (Employee Retirement Income Security Act) guidelines.

So how does that help me find my 401k? The Department of Labor offers a Form 5500 search tool online that you can use to locate lost 401k plans. You can search by plan name or plan sponsor. If you know either one, you can look up the plan’s Form 5500, which should include contact information. From there, you can reach out to the plan sponsor to track down your lost 401k.

Searching the National Registry

Another place to try is the National Registry of Unclaimed Retirement Benefits . This is an online database you can use to search for an unclaimed 401k that you may have left with a previous employer. You’ll need to enter your Social Security number to search for lost retirement account benefits.

In order for your name to come up in the search results, your former employer must have entered your name and personal information in that database. If they haven’t done so, it’s possible you may not find your account this way.

Starting Another 401k

If you’re not able to find lost 401k accounts you still have plenty of options for retirement savings. Contributing to your current employer’s 401k allows you to set aside money on a tax-deferred basis. And you might be able to grow your money faster with an employer matching contribution.

What if you’re self-employed? In that case, you could choose to open a solo or individual 401k. This type of 401k plan is designed for business owners who have no employees or only employ their spouses. These plans follow the same contribution and withdrawal rules as traditional employer-sponsored 401k plans, though special contribution rules apply if you’re self-employed.

Investing for Retirement With SoFi

When can you retire? The answer depends on how much you have saved already, including any money that’s in an old 401k account or money you’ve got stashed in an IRA. SoFi offers both traditional and Roth IRAs to help you build wealth for the future. A traditional IRA offers the benefit of tax-deductible contributions. Meanwhile, a Roth IRA offers tax-free qualified withdrawals in retirement.

If you’re ready to take the next step, learn more about investing for retirement with SoFi.

FAQ

Is it possible to lose your 401k?

It’s possible to lose money from your 401k if you’re cashing it out and taking a big tax hit or your investments suffer losses. But simply changing jobs doesn’t mean your old 401k is gone for good. It does, however, mean that you may need to spend time locating it if it’s been a while since you changed jobs.

How do I find all my old 401k accounts?

The simplest way to find old 401k accounts is contacting your former employer. It’s possible your money may still be in your old plan and if not, your previous employer or plan administrator may be able to tell you where it’s been moved to.

Do I need my social security number to find an old 401k?

Generally, yes, you’ll need your Social Security number to find a lost 401k account. This is because your Social Security number is used to verify your identity and ensure that the plan you’re inquiring about actually belongs to you.


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Photo credit: iStock/svetikd
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