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Do Store Credit Cards Help Build Credit?

By Dan Miller · February 01, 2023 · 7 minute read

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Do Store Credit Cards Help Build Credit?

Store credit cards can help you get started with building credit as long as you use them responsibly and the activity is reported to the major credit bureaus. If you’re not sure if you’re ready for a traditional credit card, you might consider a retail store credit card as an alternative.

Retail credit cards, also known as store credit cards, are credit cards issued by specific retailers. Some store credit cards are good only at the issuing store (or their partners). Others are co-branded by a network like Visa or Mastercard and accepted anywhere those networks are.

What Is a Store Credit Card?

A store credit card is a credit card that is issued by a specific retailer, and usually has perks and benefits associated with that specific store or chain. This category of credit card generally works much like other credit cards, which means they can be useful in building credit as long as they’re used responsibly. However, store credit cards tend to have higher interest rates and easier approval requirements compared to traditional credit cards.

Recommended: How to Avoid Interest On a Credit Card

Types of Store Credit Cards

Similarly to prepaid credit cards, there are two main types of store credit cards:

•   Close-loop store credit cards: The first type of store credit card is a closed-loop store credit card. These can typically only be used at the retailer that issues the card.

•   Open-loop store credit cards: Open-loop store credit cards are another type of store credit card. They’re typically co-branded alongside a credit card payment network like Mastercard, American Express, or Visa, and are good anywhere those networks are accepted.

Is Getting a Store Credit Card a Good Idea?

Getting a store credit card can be a good option if you are working on establishing credit. If your store credit card reports usage to the major credit bureaus, then responsibly using a store credit card can be helpful. However, this can work against you, too, if you open a store credit card and don’t follow good credit card habits.

Factors to Consider When Getting a Store Credit Card

The biggest factor you’ll want to consider when getting a store credit card is whether it’s a closed-loop or open-loop card. That will let you know whether you can only use it at the issuing store or whether it’s good at other places.

You’ll also want to understand whether your store card is a charge card or credit card (with a charge card, you won’t have the option to carry a balance). Also find out whether the issuer reports usage to the major credit bureaus, especially if you intend to use the card to build your credit from scratch.

Recommended: What is a Charge Card?

How a Store Credit Card Can Help Build Credit

Store credit cards can help build your credit, as long as the card reports usage information to the major credit bureaus. Responsibly using a store credit card can show a history of on-time payments and add an additional line of credit to your credit mix. Additionally, it has the potential to positively affect your overall credit utilization — the amount of your total available credit limit you’re using — by bolstering your overall credit limit.

Recommended: What is the Average Credit Card Limit?

Can a Store Credit Card Set Back Your Credit Progress?

It’s important to use credit cards wisely, and that includes store credit cards. A store credit card certainly can set back your credit progress if you don’t use it responsibly. If you have late or missed payments or carry a balance that’s near your total credit limit, it may have a negative impact on your credit score.

Recommended: When Are Credit Card Payments Due?

Do Store Credit Cards Applications Require Hard Inquiries?

Yes, in most cases a store credit card application will generate a hard inquiry on your credit report. A hard credit inquiry shows up on your credit report when a potential lender asks for your complete credit report. This inquiry may lower your credit score by a few points for a short period of time, so you’ll want to limit how many credit accounts you apply for.

Benefits of Store Credit Cards

One benefit of a store credit card is that it may be easier to get approved for, especially if it’s a closed-loop store card. Retailers know that cardholders are likely to shop more frequently at their store. As such, they may be more inclined to approve you for a card, even if you don’t have an extensive history of good or excellent credit.

Another potential benefit is the store-specific perks, rewards, or benefits that a store may offer to its cardholders.

Drawbacks of Store Credit Cards

There are downsides to store credit cards to consider as well. For one, they may come with higher interest rates and lower credit limits. It can be easier to drive up your credit utilization ratio, a factor that affects your credit score, with a lower credit limit. Further, if your store credit card is a closed-loop card, you’ll be limited to using it at that specific retailer.

To recap, here are some of the pros and cons of applying for and using a store credit card:

Pros of Store Credit Cards

Cons of Store Credit Cards

Easier to get approved for than a traditional credit card May come with higher interest rates
Can offer solid store-specific perks, benefits, and rewards May have lower credit limits, which can make it easier to drive up credit utilization
Can help you build credit when used responsibly Closed-loop store cards can only be used at that specific store or chain

Recommended: Tips for Using a Credit Card Responsibly

Alternative Ways to Build Credit

If applying for and using a store credit card doesn’t fit into your financial plans, here are a few other ways to build credit that you might consider:

•   Apply for a traditional credit card, like the SoFi credit card

•   Consider getting a secured credit card, which requires a deposit

•   Take out and responsibly use a personal loan

•   Use an auto loan to purchase your next vehicle

•   Get a supplementary credit card, also known as an authorized user credit card

•   Regularly review your credit report for any inaccurate information

•   Use a credit card cosigner for your application

Recommended: Does Applying For a Credit Card Hurt Your Credit Score?

The Takeaway

A store credit card can help you build credit, as long as it reports usage to the major credit bureaus. In fact, opening a store credit card and using it wisely can be a smart step toward establishing credit since, in many cases, they’re easier to get approved for than a traditional credit card.

Still, there are other options to consider as well if you’re hoping to build your credit. If you feel ready to apply for a traditional credit card, you might look at a cash-back rewards credit card like SoFi’s credit card. If you’re approved for a credit card with SoFi, you can earn unlimited cash-back rewards. You can use those rewards as a statement credit, invest them in fractional shares or put them toward other financial goals you might have, like paying down eligible SoFi debt.

The SoFi Credit Card offers unlimited 2% cash back on all eligible purchases. There are no spending categories or reward caps to worry about.1



Take advantage of this offer by applying for a SoFi credit card today.

FAQ

Do store credit cards affect your credit?

Yes, store credit cards can affect your credit if they report usage and history to the major credit bureaus. If you regularly pay off your bill each month and keep your statement balance low, it should help build a positive credit history.

Do store credit cards require hard credit checks?

Yes, most store credit cards require a hard credit check when you apply. A hard credit check (or hard pull) happens any time a potential lender asks for your full credit history to help decide whether they will extend you credit. Because each hard pull can temporarily lower your credit score by a few points, you’ll want to limit how many new credit accounts you apply for in a short period of time.

Will closing store credit cards hurt my credit score?

There are some cases where closing a credit card — either a store credit card or a traditional credit card — can hurt your credit score. The main reason why closing a credit card can impact your credit score is by possibly driving up your credit utilization percentage, as your overall credit limit will decrease. Make sure that you understand the possible ramifications before you close a credit card account.

Do retail credit cards build credit?

Retail credit cards can help you build credit as long as they report to the major credit bureaus. Just make sure to use your store or retail credit cards wisely so that it will have a positive impact on your credit score.


Photo credit: iStock/Nastasic

1Members earn 2 rewards points for every dollar spent on purchases. No rewards points will be earned with respect to reversed transactions, returned purchases, or other similar transactions. When you elect to redeem rewards points into your SoFi Checking or Savings account, SoFi Money® account, SoFi Active Invest account, SoFi Credit Card account, or SoFi Personal, Private Student, or Student Loan Refinance, your rewards points will redeem at a rate of 1 cent per every point. For more details please visit the Rewards page. Brokerage and Active investing products offered through SoFi Securities LLC, member FINRA/SIPC. SoFi Securities LLC is an affiliate of SoFi Bank, N.A.

1See Rewards Details at SoFi.com/card/rewards.

Members earn 2 rewards points for every dollar spent on purchases. No rewards points will be earned with respect to reversed transactions, returned purchases, or other similar transactions. When you elect to redeem rewards points into your SoFi Checking or Savings account, SoFi Money® account, SoFi Active Invest account, SoFi Credit Card account, or SoFi Personal, Private Student, or Student Loan Refinance, your rewards points will redeem at a rate of 1 cent per every point. For more details, please visit the Rewards page. Brokerage and Active investing products offered through SoFi Securities LLC, Member FINRA/SIPC. SoFi Securities LLC is an affiliate of SoFi Bank, N.A.

Financial Tips & Strategies: The tips provided on this website are of a general nature and do not take into account your specific objectives, financial situation, and needs. You should always consider their appropriateness given your own circumstances.

The SoFi Credit Card is issued by SoFi Bank, N.A. pursuant to license by Mastercard® International Incorporated and can be used everywhere Mastercard is accepted. Mastercard is a registered trademark, and the circles design is a trademark of Mastercard International Incorporated.

Disclaimer: Many factors affect your credit scores and the interest rates you may receive. SoFi is not a Credit Repair Organization as defined under federal or state law, including the Credit Repair Organizations Act. SoFi does not provide “credit repair” services or advice or assistance regarding “rebuilding” or “improving” your credit record, credit history, or credit rating. For details, see the FTC’s website .

Third-Party Brand Mentions: No brands, products, or companies mentioned are affiliated with SoFi, nor do they endorse or sponsor this article. Third-party trademarks referenced herein are property of their respective owners.

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