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Guide to Transaction Deposits

By Alene Laney · July 12, 2022 · 5 minute read

We’re here to help! First and foremost, SoFi Learn strives to be a beneficial resource to you as you navigate your financial journey. Read more We develop content that covers a variety of financial topics. Sometimes, that content may include information about products, features, or services that SoFi does not provide. We aim to break down complicated concepts, loop you in on the latest trends, and keep you up-to-date on the stuff you can use to help get your money right. Read less

Guide to Transaction Deposits

Bank transaction deposits are monetary deposits made into transaction accounts, also known as checking accounts. Transaction deposits allow a person to have ready access to their money held at a depository financial institution, such as a bank or credit union, without delay or advance notice. They differ from non-transaction deposits, which are deposits made into non-transaction accounts. Non-transaction accounts come with restrictions on when or how often you can access your money.

What Are Transaction Deposits?

A transaction deposit (sometimes also called a demand deposit) is a banking term that refers to a deposit made into a transaction account that is readily available for use — meaning you can use the money any time for other transactions.

The most common example of a transaction account is a checking account. This type of account allows account holders to make unlimited deposits, withdrawals, payments, and transfers. In other words, you can use the account as often as you want to get cash, make purchases, pay bills, and/or deposit cash at an ATM.

Savings accounts that allow account holders unlimited access are also considered transaction accounts. Typically, however, savings accounts come with withdrawal and transfer limits (such as a certain number per month). As a result, they are generally considered non-transaction accounts.

Understanding Transaction Deposits

Transaction deposits can be made at a branch of the bank, at an ATM, and by transferring funds from another account. If you set up direct deposit with your employer (such as SoFi direct deposit), these deposits also qualify as transaction deposits.

If you want to access a transaction deposit, you can so for in a number of different ways, including:

•   Withdrawing money at a branch or ATM

•   Transferring the money to another account

•   Writing a check

•   Using auto-pay

•   Making a wire payment

Transaction Deposits vs Non-Transaction Deposits

To better understand transaction deposits, it helps to know the difference between the two main types of deposit accounts: transaction accounts and non-transaction accounts.

Transaction accounts allow account holders easy access to their money. These accounts may earn interest, but typically they do not.

Non-transaction accounts, such as most savings accounts, money market accounts, and certificates of deposit (CDs) typically earn interest, providing a return on the account holder’s investment. However, deposits made into a non-transaction account (called non-transaction deposits) are not as fully accessible as transaction deposits. Account holders may be limited or restricted from accessing all or some of the money, or they may need to make a request for a withdrawal.

For example, if you open a CD, your money is locked up for a certain period of time. If you want to access the money before the CD matures, you will typically pay a penalty. With many savings and money market accounts, the bank will impose limitations on the number of transactions you can make each month. If you exceed that limit, you may be charged a withdrawal fee.

Here’s a look at transaction accounts vs non-transaction accounts:

Transaction Accounts

Non-Transaction Accounts

Unlimited number of transfers or payments to third parties There may be a limit on the number of withdrawals and transfers of money that are allowed per statement period
Typically not interest-bearing Typically interest-bearing
Can make an unlimited number of transfers between your own accounts at the same institution May have penalties for withdrawing too much money or too many times
Payable on demand May require seven days notice to withdraw funds
No maturity period May be subject to a maturity period
Examples include checking accounts Examples include money market deposit accounts, certificates of deposit, and savings accounts

Real Life Examples of Transaction Deposits

A checking account is an example of a transaction account where transaction deposits are made. The key feature of a transaction account, and the deposits made into it, is that the money is liquid, or readily available. There are no requirements for leaving the money for a set amount of time like there are with a time (or term) deposit account, such as a CD.

Here are some common examples of transaction deposits:

•   Direct deposits from your employer into your account

•   Check or cash deposits made at your bank

•   Cash deposited at an ATM

•   Mobile deposits

•   An electronic funds transfer (EFT) made into your account

•   Payments from third parties

•   Refunds from vendors

Restrictions of Transaction Deposits

There are some instances, however, where a bank may impose some restrictions or a waiting period on certain deposits made to transaction accounts. This could happen if you deposit a large check that requires verification, or if the account is new and the account holder doesn’t yet have an established history. Once the holding period ends, the funds are fully accessible.

Non-transaction deposits, however, come with far more restrictions. In the past,
The Federal Reserve’s Regulation D restricted withdrawals from money market accounts and savings accounts to six per month. If you went over this limit, the bank would charge you a fee. If you consistently went over this limit, they could convert the account to a regular (non-interest-bearing) account. However, the Federal Reserve suspended Regulation D in April 2020. Banks can now set their own restrictions on savings account transactions, and they can vary from one bank to another.

Recommended: How Long Does the Direct Deposit Transaction Take?

Advantages of Transaction Deposits

There are a number of advantages that come with transaction deposits. These include:

•   Money is readily available

•   No maturity period

•   No eligibility restrictions

•   No limit on the number of deposits, withdrawals, or transfers the account holder can make

•   No early withdrawal penalties

•   Sometimes interest-bearing

Disadvantages of Transaction Deposits

The main disadvantage of transaction deposits is that the money being deposited will generally earn no, or only a small amount of, interest.

The Takeaway

A transaction deposit is a deposit made to a transaction account, such as a checking account. This type of account is ideal for everyday banking, since you can generally put money in and take money out whenever you like.

Non-transaction deposits are the opposite — these are deposits made to non-transaction accounts, which include savings accounts, money market accounts, and CDs. With a non-transaction account, you will face some restrictions in when and how often you can access your money. However, the advantage of non-transaction deposits is that this money will typically earn more interest than a transaction deposit will

If you’re interested in getting the benefits of both types of accounts in one, consider opening a high interest bank account. You’ll be able to easily access your money with mobile banking and through the Allpoint Network of 55,000+ fee-free ATMs, while also earning a competitive interest with our 1.80% APY, if you set up direct deposit. Plus, you won’t pay any monthly fees or other common account fees.

FAQ

What is a bank deposit transaction?

A bank deposit transaction is a deposit into a transactional bank account, such as a checking account. It includes direct deposits, transfers, and deposits made at a bank or ATM,

Is a deposit considered a transaction?

Yes, a deposit is considered a transaction. Any money moving into and out of your account is considered a transaction.

What banks offer transaction deposits?

Any bank that offers a checking account is a bank that offers transaction deposits.


Photo credit: iStock/Prostock-Studio

SoFi® Checking and Savings is offered through SoFi Bank, N.A. ©2022 SoFi Bank, N.A. All rights reserved. Member FDIC. Equal Housing Lender.
SoFi members with direct deposit can earn up to 1.80% annual percentage yield (APY) interest on all account balances in their Checking and Savings accounts (including Vaults). Members without direct deposit will earn 1.00% APY on all account balances in Checking and Savings (including Vaults). Interest rates are variable and subject to change at any time. Rate of 1.80% APY is current as of 07/26/2022. Additional information can be found at http://www.sofi.com/legal/banking-rate-sheet
Financial Tips & Strategies: The tips provided on this website are of a general nature and do not take into account your specific objectives, financial situation, and needs. You should always consider their appropriateness given your own circumstances.
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