31 Real Estate Listing Terms Decoded: What Does “Cozy” Really Mean?

By Jamie Cattanach · July 18, 2023 · 8 minute read

We’re here to help! First and foremost, SoFi Learn strives to be a beneficial resource to you as you navigate your financial journey. Read more We develop content that covers a variety of financial topics. Sometimes, that content may include information about products, features, or services that SoFi does not provide. We aim to break down complicated concepts, loop you in on the latest trends, and keep you up-to-date on the stuff you can use to help get your money right. Read less

31 Real Estate Listing Terms Decoded: What Does “Cozy” Really Mean?

If you’re house-hunting, you are probably spending a lot of time scrolling through online listings. And you may well wonder what certain terms mean, such as “turn-key” and “as-is.”

To help you be more efficient and less confused by the real estate jargon you will find, read this list of definitions. This intel will help you understand the message a listing is trying to send you and streamline your search.

Real Estate Listing Terms Decoded

Real estate has a language all its own. To figure out which homes may be worth looking at and which might not, you may want to use this handy real estate translator next time you peruse the listings. Consider this lingo, in alphabetical order:

1. As-is

If you see the words “as-is” in a real estate listing, proceed with some caution: This typically indicates that there are repairs or renovations that need to be done that the current owner is not going to address and is passing the burden off to the buyer. The real estate contract will likely specify this, if you do move forward with buying the home.

2. Built-ins

Built-ins are features like bookshelves, benches, or cabinets that are permanently built into the home itself, and are fairly common in older construction. Built-ins can be charming and convenient, but they can also limit the flexibility you have in arranging and decorating the space as you see fit.

3. Cozy

While this descriptor may bring to mind a comfy armchair and a steaming mug of cocoa, in real estate, “cozy” tends to mean “small.” The home may have minimal square footage, meaning each room may have very limited space.

💡 Quick Tip: Traditionally, mortgage lenders like to see a 20% down payment. But some lenders, such as SoFi, allow home mortgage loans with as little as 3% down for qualifying first-time homebuyers.

4. Charming

“Charming” is often another code word for a house with a small footprint, and may also indicate an older construction — which may, indeed, be charming, but might also end up needing costly repairs and renovations.

5. Cottage

This is yet another word that sounds like it’s invoking a feeling when it may really be describing a size — and that size may be on the smaller side. Cottages tend to be one- to two-bedroom houses and, again, might also be dated.

6. Custom

While “custom” sounds cool, it may or may not be. This term indicates that the property includes some built-to-order features or additions that appealed to the previous owners. These features, however, may or may not be to your taste. Perhaps there’s a wall of windows you’ll love or a tub in the primary bedroom that you’d rather be relocated.

7. Fixer

A listing agent may use this term as a shortening of “fixer-upper.” In other words, major renovations are likely going to be needed.

Recommended: The Cost of Buying a Fixer-Upper

8. Good bones

A home with “good bones” is typically one that needs some renovation and repair, but whose original construction is solid and whose layout is desirable. In other words, the skeleton of a great home is there, but you may need to pay for home repairs and do other work to make it livable.

9. Great potential

In a similar vein to “good bones” or “hidden gem,” a home with “great potential” is typically one that provides an opportunity for the right buyer — but which likely needs some work to get there.

10. Handyman special

This is another term that can indicate that a property needs a lot of work — thus making it a good opportunity for a handy homeowner. The house may be priced lower than other, more fixed-up homes in the area.

Recommended: Home Equity vs. HELOC Loans

11. Hidden gem

These words might indicate a nice home in an out-of-the-way location or a home in a popular and trendy locale that needs some work. Either way, it can indicate that the property offers a great opportunity for the right buyer, though you may have to put in some work or make some sacrifices.

12. Investor special

That sounds like a good thing, right? But a real estate agent might use this phrase to mean that a house is in pretty rough shape. It will likely take significant work to make livable, meaning you may only be able to buy it for cash or with a rehab loan, such as an FHA 203(k) home loan.

13. Lives large

This indicates that the home may appear small in terms of square footage, but, when you are actually in the property and walking around, it feels a lot more spacious.

14. Location, location, location

This is perhaps one of the most common real estate catchphrases. This language in a listing puts a heavy emphasis on a property’s location, which could potentially indicate that the house itself leaves something to be desired.

Recommended: First-Time Homebuyer Guide

15. Loft

“Loft” indicates that the home is large, open, and airy, with high ceilings and few interior walls. The bedroom, for instance, may be situated on an open second-floor landing that looks out directly onto the living room below. This may make for a picturesque living situation, but also one with relatively little privacy.

16. Modern

Here’s a tricky one. Although you might assume “modern” means that a place is newly constructed and contemporary in style, it can also refer to mid-century modern, an era of architecture and design dating to the 1950s and 1960s with a “Mad Men” vibe.

17. Motivated seller

“Motivated seller” means that the seller is motivated to make a deal go through and may be willing to hear lower offers or make concessions to get it to happen.

18. Move-in ready

“Move-in ready” typically means a home doesn’t need any major, mandatory repairs and is ready for you to start living in as soon as you’ve closed on the property. Of course, this term does indicate that the seller probably has a lot of leverage to demand the highest possible offer on the home.

19. Natural landscaping

“Natural landscaping” might indicate that there’s actually very little landscaping at all. Rather, the property might have lots of wild-growing flora that needs to be cleared to create an organized outdoor living space, depending on your taste.

20. Original details

As with “well-maintained,” “original details” suggests that the home has some older features that you may love, but may also require some maintenance/upgrading in the future.

21. Priced to sell

“Priced to sell” often indicates that the seller is pretty set on the price they’ve offered. It may indicate that you probably won’t be able to negotiate it down too far.

22. REALTOR (in all caps)

Although “real estate agent” and “realtor” are often used interchangeably, REALTOR is actually a term trademarked by the National Association of REALTORS (NAR) . Real estate agents can only use the title REALTOR in all caps if they are members of NAR and adhere to the organization’s strict code of ethics.

23. Room to roam

A home with “room to roam” is typically one with a larger-than-average lot with room to create outdoor living/play spaces or grow a garden. Or it may indicate that the house has a rambling layout.

24. Rustic

At its best, “rustic” might mean natural wood fixtures and a kind of casual, barn-inspired style. At its worst, “rustic” might mean old, unprofessionally constructed, or poorly maintained.

25. Serious buyers only

This term is usually meant to keep casual browsers or open-house visitors who are “just-looking” at bay. The seller likely doesn’t want to waste their time with people who aren’t seriously considering making an offer.

26. TLC

Short for “tender loving care,” TLC is yet another term in real estate listings that typically indicates the home in question needs some renovations and repairs before it’s comfortable — or even livable.

27. Turnkey

Basically a synonym for move-in ready; just turn the key, and you set up your home!

28. Unique

“Unique” is another word that can go either way. It could be used to describe a lovely, one-of-a-kind feature, like a rooftop patio. Or it could be used to describe something odd-ball, like a sunroom converted into a photographer’s darkroom.

29. Up-and-coming neighborhood

An up-and-coming location is one that might actively be evolving or drawing new residents. However, it can also indicate that the neighborhood may still contain a fair number of run-down homes and have a way to go before it’s considered a hot housing market.

30. Vintage

“Vintage” is generally code for “really outdated.” Those 1960s appliances might look cute in the pictures, but how much more life do they have in them before they need to be replaced?

31. Well-maintained

This term can act as a yellow light. “Well-maintained” often indicates that a property has some age on it. (After all, if it’s new, there’s nothing that has needed maintenance yet). An older home isn’t automatically a bad thing, but it does mean you may be faced with upgrades or appliance replacements sooner rather than later.

💡 Quick Tip: Lowering your monthly payments with a mortgage refinance from SoFi can help you find money to pay down other debt, build your rainy-day fund, or put more into your 401(k).

The Takeaway

If you feel like property listings are sometimes written in a foreign language, you’re not entirely off-base. Listing agents often use terms that may be well-known in real estate circles, yet are unfamiliar to the average first-time home-buyer.

Agents may also use vague-sounding terms and phrases to make a home’s less-appealing qualities sound more attractive. Knowing how to decode real estate listings can be a great first step toward finding the perfect home.

Looking for an affordable option for a home mortgage loan? SoFi can help: We offer low down payments (as little as 3% - 5%*) with our competitive and flexible home mortgage loans. Plus, applying is extra convenient: It's online, with access to one-on-one help.

SoFi Mortgages: simple, smart, and so affordable.

Photo credit: iStock/irina88w

*SoFi requires Private Mortgage Insurance (PMI) for conforming home loans with a loan-to-value (LTV) ratio greater than 80%. As little as 3% down payments are for qualifying first-time homebuyers only. 5% minimum applies to other borrowers. Other loan types may require different fees or insurance (e.g., VA funding fee, FHA Mortgage Insurance Premiums, etc.). Loan requirements may vary depending on your down payment amount, and minimum down payment varies by loan type.

SoFi Loan Products
SoFi loans are originated by SoFi Bank, N.A., NMLS #696891 (Member FDIC). For additional product-specific legal and licensing information, see SoFi.com/legal. Equal Housing Lender.

SoFi Mortgages
Terms, conditions, and state restrictions apply. Not all products are available in all states. See SoFi.com/eligibility for more information.

Tax Information: This article provides general background information only and is not intended to serve as legal or tax advice or as a substitute for legal counsel. You should consult your own attorney and/or tax advisor if you have a question requiring legal or tax advice.

Financial Tips & Strategies: The tips provided on this website are of a general nature and do not take into account your specific objectives, financial situation, and needs. You should always consider their appropriateness given your own circumstances.

External Websites: The information and analysis provided through hyperlinks to third-party websites, while believed to be accurate, cannot be guaranteed by SoFi. Links are provided for informational purposes and should not be viewed as an endorsement.

Third-Party Brand Mentions: No brands, products, or companies mentioned are affiliated with SoFi, nor do they endorse or sponsor this article. Third-party trademarks referenced herein are property of their respective owners.


All your finances.
All in one app.

SoFi QR code, Download now, scan this with your phone’s camera

All your finances.
All in one app.

App Store rating

SoFi iOS App, Download on the App Store
SoFi Android App, Get it on Google Play

TLS 1.2 Encrypted
Equal Housing Lender