Step Up is the flagship homeownership program of Alabama Housing and is open to first-time and repeat homebuyers. It provides down payment assistance of up to 4% of the home’s sales price in the form of a second mortgage packaged with a 30-year, fixed-rate first mortgage.
The down payment assistance is repayable over 10 years.
The Step Up program features the following:
• HFA Advantage conventional, FHA, or VA loans
• Minimum credit score of 640 for incomes below 80% of area median income
• Minimum credit score of 680 for HFA Advantage loan borrowers with incomes above 80% of area median income but less than $130,600
• Debt-to-income (DTI) ratio of less than 45%
• Income cap is $130,600, regardless of household size or location
The mortgage credit certificate allows borrowers to reduce their federal tax liability, dollar by dollar, by a percentage of their annual mortgage interest paid, up to $2,000, for the life of the loan. Any remaining interest can be claimed as an annual mortgage interest dedication.
The certificate can be used with any 30-year fixed-rate amortizing mortgage offered by an AHFA participating lender. You must be a first-time homebuyer or buying a home in a targeted area.
The home purchase price must be under $381,308 for targeted areas or under $311,980 for non-targeted areas.
How to Apply to Alabama Programs for First-Time Homebuyers
If you’re seeking AHFA homebuyer assistance, you’ll need to find a participating lender and verify whether you fall within the prescribed income and purchase price limits.
Several federal government programs are designed for people who have low credit scores or limited cash for a down payment. Although most of these programs are available to repeat homeowners, like state programs, they can be especially helpful to people who are buying a first home or who haven’t owned a home in several years.
The mortgages are generally for single-family homes, two- to four-unit properties that will be owner occupied, approved condos, townhomes, planned unit developments, and some manufactured homes.
Federal Housing Administration (FHA) Loans
The FHA, which is part of the U.S. Department of Housing and Urban Development (HUD), insures mortgages for borrowers with lower credit scores. Homebuyers choose from a list of approved lenders that participate in the program. Loans have competitive interest rates and require a down payment of 3.5% of the purchase price for borrowers with FICO® credit scores of 580 or higher. Those with scores as low as 500 must put at least 10% down.
FHA loans always require mortgage insurance: a 1.75% upfront fee and annual premiums for the life of the loan, unless you make a down payment of at least 10%, which allows the removal of mortgage insurance after 11 years. You can learn more about FHA loans in general and FHA lending limits by area.
Freddie Mac Home Possible Mortgages
Very low- and low-income borrowers may make a 3% down payment on a Home Possible® mortgage. These loans allow various sources for down payments, including co-borrowers, family gifts, employer assistance, secondary financing, and sweat equity.
Fannie Mae HomeReady® Mortgages allow down payments as low as 3% for low-income borrowers. Applicants generally need a credit score of at least 620; pricing may be better for credit scores of 680 and above. Like the Freddie Mac program, HomeReady loans allow flexibility for down payment financing, such as gifts and grants.
For income limits, a comparison to an FHA loan, and other information, go to this Fannie Mae site .
Fannie Mae Standard 97 LTV Loan
The conventional 97 LTV loan is for first-time homebuyers of any income level who have a credit score of at least 620 and meet debt-to-income criteria. The 97% loan-to-value mortgage requires 3% down. Borrowers can get down payment and closing cost assistance from third-party sources.
Department of Veterans Affairs (VA) Loans
Active-duty members of the military, veterans, and eligible surviving spouses may apply for loans backed by the Department of Veterans Affairs. VA loans , to buy, build, or improve homes, have lower interest rates than most other mortgages and don’t require a down payment. For most applicants, there is a one-time funding fee that can be rolled into the mortgage.
Native American Veteran Direct Loans (NADLs)
Eligible Native American veterans and their spouses may use these no-down-payment loans to buy, improve, or build a home on federal trust land. Unlike VA loans listed above, the Department of Veterans Affairs is the mortgage lender on NADLs. The VA requires no mortgage insurance, but it does charge a funding fee.
U.S. Department of Agriculture (USDA) Loans
No down payment is required on these loans to moderate-income borrowers that are guaranteed by the USDA in specified rural areas. Borrowers pay an upfront guarantee fee and an annual fee that serves as mortgage insurance.
The USDA also directly issues loans to low- and very low-income people. For loan basics and income and property eligibility, head to this USDA website .
HUD Good Neighbor Next Door Program
This program helps police officers, firefighters, emergency medical technicians, and teachers qualify for mortgages in the areas they serve. Borrowers can receive 50% off a home in what HUD calls a “revitalization area.” They must live in the home for at least three years.
Alabama Homebuyer Stats for 2022
Who is the average homebuyer in Alabama? A lot depends on where they are. Here are some numbers sourced from the National Association of Realtors® for some of Alabama’s top metropolitan statistical areas.
Additional Financing Tips for First-Time Homebuyers
In addition to federal and state government-sponsored lending programs, while you’re crunching the numbers on projected mortgage payments, you might want to hone your knowledge about other financial strategies that may help you become a homeowner. Some examples:
• Traditional IRA withdrawals. The IRS allows qualifying first-time homebuyers a one-time, penalty-free withdrawal of up to $10,000 from their IRA if the money is used to buy, build, or rebuild a home. The IRS considers anyone who has not owned a primary residence in the past three years a first-time homebuyer. You will still owe income tax on the IRA withdrawal. If you’re married and your spouse has an IRA, they may also make a penalty-free withdrawal of $10,000 to purchase a home. The downside, of course, is that large withdrawals may jeopardize your retirement savings.
• Roth IRA withdrawals. Because Roth IRA contributions are made with after-tax money, the IRS allows tax- and penalty-free withdrawals of contributions for any reason as long as you’ve held the account for five years. You may also withdraw up to $10,000 in earnings from your Roth IRA without paying taxes or penalties if you are a qualifying first-time homebuyer and you have had the account for five years. With accounts held for less than five years, homebuyers will pay income tax on earnings withdrawn.
• 401(k) loans. If your employer allows borrowing from the 401(k) plan that it sponsors, you may consider taking a loan against the 401(k) account to help finance your home purchase. With most plans, you can borrow up to 50% of your 401(k) balance, up to $50,000, without incurring taxes or penalties. You pay interest on the loan, which is paid into your 401(k) account. You usually have to pay back the loan within five years, but if you’re using the money to buy a house, you may have up to 15 years to repay.
• State and local down payment assistance programs. Usually offered at the regional or county level, these programs provide flexible second mortgages for first-time buyers looking into how to afford a down payment.
• The mortgage credit certificate program. First-time homeowners and those who buy in targeted areas can claim a portion of their mortgage interest as a tax credit, up to $2,000. Any additional interest paid can still be used as an itemized deduction. To qualify for the credit, you must be a first-time homebuyer, live in the home, and meet income and purchase price requirements, which vary by state. If you refinance, the credit disappears, and if you sell the house before nine years, you may have to pay some of the tax credit back. There are fees associated with applying for and receiving the mortgage credit certificate that vary by state. Often the savings from the lifetime of the credit can outweigh these fees.
• Your employer. Your employer may offer access to lower-cost lenders and real estate agents in your area, as well as home buying education courses.
• Your lender. Always ask your lender about any first-time homebuyer grant or down payment assistance programs available from government, nonprofit, and community organizations in your area.
First-time homebuyers in Alabama of modest means may be able to take advantage of attractive mortgage and down payment/closing cost programs. Other first-time buyers can hunt for a fitting home loan on their own.
Make your dream of being a homeowner come true with SoFi’s competitive mortgage rates and down payments as low as 3% for qualifying first-time homebuyers.
Yes! Good information is key to a successful home-buying experience for anyone, but especially for newcomers, who can easily be overwhelmed by the jargon, technicalities, and magnitude of applying for a mortgage and purchasing a home. First-time homebuyer classes can help. Indeed they are required for many government-sponsored loan programs.
Do first-time homebuyers with bad credit qualify for homeownership assistance?
Often they do. Many government and nonprofit homeowner assistance programs are available to people with low credit scores. And often, interest rates and other loan pricing are competitive with those of loans available to borrowers with higher credit scores. That said, almost any lending program has credit qualifications.
Is there a first-time homebuyer tax credit in Alabama?
Yes. The Alabama Housing Finance Authority offers a mortgage credit certificate for eligible first-time homebuyers and buyers purchasing a home in a targeted area in Alabama. The certificate provides a dollar-for-dollar tax credit of up to 50% of annual mortgage interest paid, up to $2,000.
Is there a first-time veteran homebuyer assistance program in Alabama?
The Step Up down payment assistance program includes VA loans. Veterans need not be first-time homebuyers.
What credit score do I need for first-time homebuyer assistance in Alabama?
Here are the minimum credit score requirements for the Step Up program and Affordable Income Subsidy Grant.
Program and Loan Type
Minimum Credit Score
(Step Up) FHA, VA, HFA Advantage (conventional) < 80% of median area income
(Step Up) HFA Advantage > 80% of median area income
Affordable Income Subsidy Grant
What is the average age of first-time homebuyers in Alabama?
That stat is hard to dig up, but the median age nationwide is 33. The average age of all homebuyers in Alabama is 43, based on 12 Alabama metropolitan areas.
Photo credit: iStock/ghornephoto
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