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How Rising Inflation Affects Student Loan Interest Rates

By Colin Dodds · June 30, 2021 · 4 minute read

We’re here to help! First and foremost, SoFi Learn strives to be a beneficial resource to you as you navigate your financial journey. Read more We develop content that covers a variety of financial topics. Sometimes, that content may include information about products, features, or services that SoFi does not provide. We aim to break down complicated concepts, loop you in on the latest trends, and keep you up-to-date on the stuff you can use to help get your money right. Read less

How Rising Inflation Affects Student Loan Interest Rates

For people with variable-rate student loans, or any kind of debt, it can pay to watch inflation.

Inflation has been a growing concern for the past year, even as interest rates have remained low. COVID-19 relief measures worth trillions served as a lifeline for many and helped drive major stock indices to record highs. The broader economy began to recover from the pandemic.

But production snags and widespread shortages are driving prices higher for many items, stoking the risk of rampant inflation. Some economists warned that the government largesse also could spark inflation that would outpace wage gains.

When the economy “runs hot,” the Federal Reserve typically raises interest rates to cool down the economy and maintain stability.

When might a cooldown begin? As of now, the St. Louis Fed president has forecast an initial rate increase in 2022.

What Exactly Is Inflation?

Inflation—the rising cost of everyday items—is an important economic factor to everyone from investors to policymakers to borrowers. The reason it matters to borrowers is that inflation can lead to higher interest rates on every kind of debt, including student loans.

Put simply, inflation means that the price of bread will be higher tomorrow than it is today. So lenders tend to increase interest rates when they lend money, given that borrowers will be paying the money back when those dollars will buy less. That’s one reason inflation and many interest rates have typically risen or fallen in step with each other.

The Federal Reserve is another reason. The country’s central bank plays a major role in managing the economy, especially with factors like interest rates and inflation. It recently raised its projections for inflation this year. And, to keep a lid on inflation, it recently moved forward the date when it will likely raise the interest rates at which it lends money to banks.

What Does Inflation Mean for Student Loans?

To someone with student loan debt, inflation can be good news . Inflation drives up the price of everything, including wages. As a result, some borrowers are paying back certain fixed-rate loans, for example, with dollars that have less value than the ones they borrowed.

There are exceptions. If a borrower took out a variable-rate private student loan, it’s likely that inflation will lead to higher interest rates, which will translate into higher interest rates that the borrower has to pay. But if the borrower has a fixed-rate private student loan and her salary keeps up with the pace of inflation, then inflation can be helpful.

So, with the specter of inflation looming over the economy, it’s worth checking to see if your private student loan has a fixed or variable rate.

As a quick primer, fixed-rate loans have the same interest rate from when borrowers take out the loan to when they pay it off. Variable-rate loans change the interest they charge, which is influenced by Federal Reserve rate changes.

Variable-rate loans, also sometimes called “floating rate” loans, usually start out with lower interest rates than fixed-rate loans.

All federal student loans have a fixed rate; the rate for new loans is determined annually. The only variable-rate student loans are those offered by banks and other private lenders, though they also usually offer fixed-rate loans.

When Does Refinancing Make Sense?

Even with inflation on the horizon, interest rates have been at historic lows for more than a year. That has borrowers of all stripes refinancing their debts. That may mean getting a lower interest rate on their home mortgage, or bundling their credit card debt and paying it off with a single, lower-interest personal loan.

People with student loans may also be able to refinance their debt at a lower rate and change the length of the loan.

The first step is to check the interest rates on your existing student loans against the rates offered by other lenders. If they offer a better rate, then it may be possible to pay off that student loan debt faster or reduce your monthly payments.

Some lenders refinance both federal and private student loans. If you choose to refinance federal student loans with a private lender, realize that you will give up federal benefits and protections like income-driven repayment plans and loan forgiveness options.

Timing is everything. If the Fed acts sooner than expected to prevent the economy from overheating, rates could climb. Especially if you have private student loans with variable rates, student loan refinancing could save you significant money and help you pay off your loans faster. (To reiterate, fixed-rate federal student loans are not affected by Fed rate changes.)

A student loan refinancing calculator could come in handy as you weigh your options.

The Takeaway

The Fed expects to raise interest rates sooner than anticipated as inflation fears rise. What does that mean for private student loan holders? They may want to refinance some or all of their loans while rates remain low.

SoFi refinances federal student loans, parent PLUS loans, and private student loans with no origination or prepayment fees.

You’re probably aware of the payment and interest pause on most federal student loans through September. Here’s an offer to think about:

If you qualify to refinance your federal student loans with SoFi, you can pay 0% interest through Sept. 20, 2021, and make no payments until October.

Find your rate on a student loan refinance today.

Photo credit: iStock/MicroStockHub


SoFi Student Loan Refinance
IF YOU ARE LOOKING TO REFINANCE FEDERAL STUDENT LOANS PLEASE BE AWARE OF RECENT LEGISLATIVE CHANGES THAT HAVE SUSPENDED ALL FEDERAL STUDENT LOAN PAYMENTS AND WAIVED INTEREST CHARGES ON FEDERALLY HELD LOANS UNTIL THE END OF JANUARY 2022 DUE TO COVID-19. PLEASE CAREFULLY CONSIDER THESE CHANGES BEFORE REFINANCING FEDERALLY HELD LOANS WITH SOFI, SINCE IN DOING SO YOU WILL NO LONGER QUALIFY FOR THE FEDERAL LOAN PAYMENT SUSPENSION, INTEREST WAIVER, OR ANY OTHER CURRENT OR FUTURE BENEFITS APPLICABLE TO FEDERAL LOANS. CLICK HERE FOR MORE INFORMATION.
Notice: SoFi refinance loans are private loans and do not have the same repayment options that the federal loan program offers such as Income-Driven Repayment plans, including Income-Contingent Repayment or PAYE. SoFi always recommends that you consult a qualified financial advisor to discuss what is best for your unique situation.

Financial Tips & Strategies: The tips provided on this website are of a general nature and do not take into account your specific objectives, financial situation, and needs. You should always consider their appropriateness given your own circumstances.
External Websites: The information and analysis provided through hyperlinks to third party websites, while believed to be accurate, cannot be guaranteed by SoFi. Links are provided for informational purposes and should not be viewed as an endorsement.
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