The office of Federal Student Aid provides over 13 million college students with more than $120 billion in grant, work-study, and student loan funds each year to help pay for college or career school. However, there are situations where students can lose their financial aid.
Students will want to consider how their grades affect financial aid to avoid having federal college aid taken away. Generally, you’ll need to make satisfactory academic progress (SAP) each term to continue receiving federal financial aid, but you may be able to regain lost aid by filing a financial aid appeal.
If you’ve received aid through private scholarships or grants, you may need to meet their minimum requirements to remain eligible for gift aid. Private lenders may also have minimum GPA requirements, but these may vary by lender.
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Types of Financial Aid
There are many types of financial aid available to college students, which can come from the federal government, states, schools, and private sources. These sources can be used to cover higher education costs, such as tuition and fees, room and board, books, and other education-related expenses.
According to the annual Sallie Mae/Ipsos survey How America Pays for College , the 2021 survey found that while parent income and savings covered 45% of college costs, families still heavily relied on financial aid to cover the other half.
Grants & Scholarships
College grants and scholarships are a form of financial aid that can help make college more affordable because they don’t usually need to be repaid. The U.S. Department of Education, colleges, and universities award an estimated $46 billion in grant and scholarship money to students each year. The Sallie Mae survey also found that scholarships and grants covered approximately 25% of school costs for families during the 2020 and 2021 academic year.
The biggest differences between college grants and scholarships are where the funds come from, eligibility requirements, and the application process. Grants are typically given based on financial need while most scholarships are merit-based. Scholarships are awarded to students based on their academic or athletic achievements, extracurricular activities, fields of study, and more.
Federal work-study is a form of financial aid that offers students funds for part-time employment. Several factors determine whether or not a student is eligible to participate in the federal work-study program, including their family’s income and the student’s enrollment status at the school.
Like with other forms of federal financial aid, a student’s grades affect financial aid. Students are expected to make SAP, which is a school’s standard for satisfactory academic progress toward a degree or certificate.
Student loans can either come from the federal government or private lenders. To qualify for a federal student loan, students must demonstrate financial need, fill out the Application for Federal Student Aid (FAFSA®), be enrolled in an eligible degree or certificate program at least half-time, and maintain SAP.
Another option is to take out a private student loan; however, this is generally only considered after all other options have been exhausted. Private student loans don’t have the same criteria as federal student loans and may lack borrower protections, like options for deferment. Private lenders can set their own terms and repayment plans so read the loan terms closely before making any borrowing decisions.
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How Grades May Affect Financial Aid
Academic goals in college are common, and if you find yourself struggling in school, you may be wondering how grades affect financial aid.
State or federal financial aid, such as grants, loans, and work-study, requires students to maintain satisfactory academic progress while working towards a degree. Academic performance is evaluated based on each school’s individual policy.
Your school’s policy will tell you what grade point average (GPA) or equivalent you must maintain, the minimum number of credit hours you need, the required pace of course completion, maximum time frame allowed, and more.
As far as how grades affect financial aid, federal regulations state that students must maintain a 2.0 cumulative GPA, or a grade of “C”, on a 4.0 scale. Additionally, students must complete at least 67% of cumulative credits attempted, and progress through their undergraduate program no longer than 150% of the published length of the educational program
Private scholarships and grants may have their own academic requirements. Dropping below the minimum requirements could result in termination of the scholarship or grant money for the following term but typically does not require repayment. If you receive a scholarship or grant, make sure you read the fine print to see if your grades affect your financial aid.
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Do Grades Affect Private Student Loans?
Typically, no. However, each lender has different eligibility criteria for student borrowers. Similar to other types of loans, private student loans are given based on factors including your finances and credit history and depending on the lender, there may or may not be a GPA requirement. Private lenders usually care more about your ability to repay the loan than your grades, but again, each lender is different.
If you’re interested in a private student loan, check with the lender to see if there are any student loan GPA requirements before making your decision.
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Regaining Lost Financial Aid Due to Low Grades
Have you lost financial aid due to low grades? You may still be able to get it back. Losing financial aid due to low grades means you aren’t satisfying your school’s SAP requirements, which is a common reason that students lose financial aid.
Visiting a Financial Aid Office
One of the first things to do after losing financial aid due to low grades is to visit your school’s financial aid office to discuss your options. Your financial aid office could help you formulate a plan to improve your grades so that your financial aid can be reinstated.
Make sure to ask about the requirements for the financial aid that you are or were receiving and find out if you’re able to file a financial aid appeal.
File a Financial Aid Appeal
You can also file a financial aid appeal, or a SAP appeal, due to poor academic performance if your school allows it and if the poor performance was due to circumstances outside of your control. There must also be a link between poor performance and the special circumstance. Some acceptable situations include:
• Death of a relative
• Severe personal injury or illness
• Other special circumstances determined by the school
If you can prove your lower grade directly correlates to one of these situations, then it may be possible for you to regain your financial aid. Check your college’s website for directions and for more information on filing a SAP appeal.
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Your grades do affect your financial aid and federal student loans. If your cumulative GPA dips below a 2.0, you will no longer be considered to be in good academic standing. However, if your low grades are due to extenuating circumstances, you can try to appeal. Other forms of financial aid, like private grants and scholarships, may also have their own set of academic requirements.
Student loans with no GPA requirements are typically offered by private lenders. If you’re struggling and need some time to get back up on your feet, keep SoFi in mind for your private student loan options. With an entirely online application, competitive interest rates, no fees, it’s easy to find a private student loan that’s right for you.
Can financial aid be taken away for bad grades?
Grades can affect your financial aid and academic performance is evaluated based on each school’s individual SAP policy. You must remain in good academic standing to keep any type of state or federal financial aid, such as grants, loans, and work-study. Private scholarships and grants may also have their own set of requirements to keep any gift aid.
While private lenders typically don’t have any student loan GPA requirements, each lender is different.
Do you get more financial aid if you get good grades?
Most federal financial aid programs do not take your grades into consideration when determining how much financial aid to give. However, bad grades can hurt your federal financial aid availability.
Good grades are even more important to recipients of merit scholarships and some grants but there are scholarships that do not take grades or GPA into consideration.
Will my FAFSA be affected if I fail a class?
As long as you make SAP, one failed class won’t affect your FAFSA.
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