While there are many things that determine your credit score — including your payment history, credit utilization, and the average age of your credit accounts — investing in stocks is not one of them.
That being said, while investing or opening an investment account does not directly affect your credit score, it’s possible for it to have an indirect effect. For instance, if you open a margin investment account that comes with a loan or line of credit, that debt may show up on your credit score. Additionally, your investment performance may have an impact on your overall financial picture, which can affect your ability to pay off your debts.
How Does Trading Stocks Affect Your Credit Score?
There are many factors to consider before investing in stocks, like how to choose good investments or making sure that your overall finances are sound. The good news is that in most cases, you won’t need to worry about how trading stocks affects your credit score.
That’s because the amount of money you have in investment accounts (and how well you do at investing in stocks) does not usually show up on your credit report or impact your credit score. As such, investing isn’t a path toward establishing credit.
Cash in on up to $250–and 3% cash back for 365 days.¹
Apply and get approved for the SoFi Credit Card. Then open a bank account with qualifying direct deposits. Some things are just better together.
Recommended: Tips for Using a Credit Card Responsibly
What Happens to Your Credit Score if You Open a Brokerage Account?
If you’re looking to get started with investing in stocks by working with a broker, know that brokerage accounts are not typically reported to the major credit bureaus. This means that opening a brokerage account generally should not have any overall impact on your credit score.
One possible exception is if you open a margin account. Margin accounts allow you to borrow money and buy stocks for more than the actual cash you have in your account. Because some brokerages consider margin accounts as loans, there may be a credit check involved. This could have a small impact on your credit score, but it usually goes away after a few months.
How Does Opening an Investment Account Affect Your Credit Score?
Most investment accounts do not show up on your credit report. So, opening an investment account will generally not affect your credit score. Whether you are buying stocks with a credit card or investing by depositing cash into your account, your balance and investment performance will not impact your credit score.
That being said, opening an investment account and actively investing in stocks or other investments can indirectly affect your credit score. If you end up losing money in the stock market, it might negatively impact your ability to meet your other debt obligations. Should you have money tied up in your investment account and end up leaning more on your credit cards to cover costs or missing payments, that can have a negative impact on your credit score and hamper your efforts at building credit.
Recommended: When Are Credit Card Payments Due?
How Making Investments May Affect Your Credit Score
There are many different ways to invest your money, and many different types of investments. But nearly all investment accounts do not show up in your credit score. So regardless of what type of investing you prefer — whether stocks, bonds, mutual funds, precious metals, or something else — your investing activity should not impact your credit score.
Investing in stocks is one popular way that some people build wealth. While there are pros and cons to investing in stocks, it’s important to realize that investing in stocks — or most types of investments, for that matter — does not show up on your credit report and does not affect your score.
If you’re looking to build credit, one option might be applying for a cash-back rewards credit card like the SoFi credit card. If you’re approved for the SoFi credit card, you can earn unlimited cash-back rewards. You can use those rewards as a statement credit, invest them in fractional shares, or put them toward other financial goals you might have, like paying down eligible SoFi debt.
For a limited time, new credit card holders† who also sign up for a SoFi Checking and Savings with direct deposit can start earning 3% cash back rewards on all eligible credit card purchases for 365 days*. Offer ends 12/31/23.
Can I open a brokerage account with a bad credit score?
Yes, you can open a brokerage account with a bad credit score. Generally speaking, your broker will not issue a credit check to open a brokerage account. Additionally, in most cases, your brokerage account will not show up on your credit report. One exception may be if you apply for a margin account. Margin accounts can be considered loans, so your broker may not approve you for one if you have bad credit.
Can I open an investment account with a bad credit score?
There generally is not a credit check to open an investment account, so it is usually possible to open an investment account even if you have a bad credit score. Further, most investment accounts will not show up on your credit report, help you build credit, or impact your credit score.
Do stocks show up on your credit report?
In most cases, stocks (as well as bonds, mutual funds, and other investments) do not show up on your credit report. Your account information, balance, and investment performance do not usually impact your credit score.
Photo credit: iStock/tdub303
Financial Tips & Strategies: The tips provided on this website are of a general nature and do not take into account your specific objectives, financial situation, and needs. You should always consider their appropriateness given your own circumstances.
The SoFi Credit Card is issued by The Bank of Missouri (TBOM) (“Issuer”) pursuant to license by Mastercard® International Incorporated and can be used everywhere Mastercard is accepted. Mastercard is a registered trademark, and the circles design is a trademark of Mastercard International Incorporated.
1See Rewards Details at SoFi.com/card/rewards.
SoFi cardholders earn 2% unlimited cash back rewards when redeemed to save, invest, or pay down eligible SoFi debt. Cardholders earn 1% cash back rewards when redeemed for a statement credit.1
Members earn 2 rewards points for every dollar spent on eligible purchases. If you elect to redeem points for cash deposited into your SoFi Checking or Savings account, SoFi Money® account, fractional shares or cryptocurrency in your SoFi Active Invest account, or as a payment to your SoFi Personal, Private Student, or Student Loan Refinance, your points will redeem at a rate of 1 cent per every point. If you elect to redeem points as a statement credit to your SoFi Credit Card account, your points will redeem at a rate of 0.5 cents per every point. For more details please visit the Rewards page. Brokerage and Active investing products offered through SoFi Securities LLC, member FINRA/SIPC. SoFi Securities LLC is an affiliate of SoFi Bank, N.A.
Disclaimer: Many factors affect your credit scores and the interest rates you may receive. SoFi is not a Credit Repair Organization as defined under federal or state law, including the Credit Repair Organizations Act. SoFi does not provide “credit repair” services or advice or assistance regarding “rebuilding” or “improving” your credit record, credit history, or credit rating. For details, see the FTC’s
†SOFI RESERVES THE RIGHT TO MODIFY OR DISCONTINUE PRODUCTS AND BENEFITS PROSPECTIVELY BASED ON MARKET CONDITIONS AND BORROWER ELIGIBILITY. Your eligibility for a SoFi Credit Card Account or a subsequently offered product or service is subject to the final determination by The Bank of Missouri (“TBOM”) (“Issuer”), as issuer, pursuant to license by Mastercard® International Incorporated and can be used everywhere Mastercard is accepted. Mastercard is a registered trademark, and the circles design is a trademark of Mastercard International Incorporated. Please allow up to 30 days from the date of submission to process your application. The card offer referenced in this communication is only available to individuals who are at least 18 years of age (or of legal age in your state of residence), and who reside in the United States.
*You will need to maintain a qualifying Direct Deposit every month with SoFi Checking and Savings in order to continue to receive this promotional cash back rate. Qualifying Direct Deposits are defined as deposits from enrolled member’s employer, payroll, or benefits provider via ACH deposit. Deposits that are not from an employer (such as check deposits; P2P transfers such as from PayPal or Venmo, etc.; merchant transactions such as from PayPal, Stripe, Square, etc.; and bank ACH transfers not from employers) do not qualify for this promotion. A maximum of 36,000 rewards points can be earned from this limited-time offer. After the promotional period ends or once you have earned the maximum points offered by this promotion, your cash back earning rate will revert back to 2%. 36,000 rewards points are worth $360 when redeemed into SoFi Checking and Savings, SoFi Money, SoFi Invest, Crypto, SoFi Personal Loan, SoFi Private Student Loan or Student Loan Refinance and are worth $180 when redeemed as a SoFi Credit Card statement credit.
Promotion Period: The Program will be available from 10/1/22 12:01 AM ET to 12/31/23 11:59PM ET
Eligible Participants: All new members who apply and get approved for the SoFi Credit Card, open a SoFi Checking and Savings account, and set up Direct Deposit transactions (“Direct Deposit”) into their SoFi Checking and Savings account during the promotion period are eligible. All existing SoFi Credit Card members who set up Direct Deposit into a SoFi Checking & Savings account during the promotion period are eligible. All existing SoFi members who have already enrolled in Direct Deposit into a SoFi Checking & Savings account prior to the promotion period, and who apply and get approved for a SoFi Credit Card during the promotion period are eligible. Existing SoFi members who already have the SoFi Credit Card and previously set up Direct Deposit through SoFi Money or SoFi Checking & Savings are not eligible for this promotion.