How Much Will a $450K Mortgage Cost per Month?

A $450,000 fixed-rate mortgage, with an annual percentage rate (APR) of 7.3% and a 30-year term, would cost you $3,085.07 per month, or $37,020.84 per year in combined principal & interest payments. Of course, your exact payment would depend on your interest rate and other individual factors.

The same loan amount with a 15-year fixed-rate loan would warrant a lower mortgage rate, but the monthly payment would be higher due to the compressed repayment period. For example, a 15-year mortgage for $450,000 with a 6.3% APR would cost $3,870.68 per month, or $46,448.16 per year.

Keep in mind that these costs factor in your mortgage alone but don’t account for any taxes, fees, insurance, or other payments you may incur over your ownership period. Let’s break down the expected costs of a $450K mortgage payment as well as any additional expenses you’ll need to keep in mind over the life of your loan.

First-time homebuyers can
prequalify for a SoFi mortgage loan,
with as little as 3% down.

Total Cost of a $450K Mortgage

While it’s easy to focus on your monthly mortgage payment, the economics of taking out one of the many different types of home loans become more pronounced when you weigh the total lifetime cost of the loan.

To put this into perspective, the total cost of the 30-year $450,000 mortgage quoted above at an APR of 7.3% would cost you $1,110,624.90 in payments over the life of the loan. If you were to make every single payment on schedule without any prepayments or late payments, you would pay $660,624.90 in interest over 30 years. A shorter mortgage term would result in significant savings on interest.

Owning a home also involves other costs aside from your mortgage, including things like maintenance, and property taxes; we’ve broken these down into the upfront and long-term costs below.

💡 Quick Tip: SoFi’s new Lock and Look+ feature allows you to lock in a low mortgage financing rate for up to 90 days while you search for the perfect place to call home.

Upfront Costs

Upfront costs on a home usually consist of all the expenses required to close on your home purchase, including closing costs, your down payment, and any earnest money you put down on the property.

While your earnest money and down payment are rolled into the purchase price of the home and will eventually come back to you in the form of home equity, closing costs consist of fees to compensate lenders, agents, and other third-parties for the services they provide to facilitate your home purchase.

Earnest money This generally won’t be more than 1-2% of the home’s purchase price and can be rolled into the down payment on your home. It serves as a good-faith deposit to show that you’re serious about buying a home.

Down payment On average, down payments typically make up 3-20% of the purchase price of the home according to the underwriting standards of most major mortgage programs. Lenders usually require a down payment contribution to ensure that buyers have some “skin” in the game, which reduces the likelihood of default on a loan. You also may wish to contribute a greater down payment upfront if you can afford it, as it also directly reduces the amount you need to borrow on your mortgage.

Closing costs Average upfront closing costs will typically set the buyer back 2-5% of the total purchase price of your home, however the amount paid will vary depending on the taxes and fees in your area as well how the fees are allocated between the buyer and seller.

Long-Term Costs

Long-term costs include property taxes, homeowner’s insurance, maintenance, and utility bills.

Property taxes These are levied annually and can vary anywhere from around 0.5% of your home’s assessed value to as high as 3% or more depending on your state and county of residence.

Insurance The average cost of homeowners insurance in the United States is $1,393 per year. However, this can vary widely depending on your policy terms and property type. In many cases, you can save hundreds of dollars on your home insurance each year by shopping around for the best provider.

Maintenance Maintenance expenses vary widely depending on the age and condition of your home. Generally, it’s a good idea to set aside 1-2% of the cost of your home annually for emergency expenses such as roof repairs, plumbing issues, or appliance repairs.

Don’t forget to factor in homeowners association, co-op, or condo fees if these apply to your purchase.

Recommended: First-Time Homebuyers Guide

Estimated Monthly Payments on a $450K Mortgage

The estimated monthly payment on a $450K mortgage with a 7.3% APR and 30-year loan term is $3,085.07. The interest payments on fixed-rate mortgage loans are front-weighted, which results in $4,313 worth of principal paid back within the first year, even though you’ve made total payments of $37,020.83.

As principal is paid off over time, the balance on which interest accrues will decline. As a result, the majority of your monthly payments made during the early years of your mortgage will be dedicated towards interest. During the later years, the principal portion making up your monthly payment will increase as well, accelerating the rate at which you pay off your mortgage.

Here’s an amortization table showing how that plays out over the life of the loan:


Beginning balance

Interest paid

Principal paid

Ending balance

1 450,000.00 $32,707.58 $4,313.25 $445,686.75
2 $445,686.75 $32,381.96 $4,638.87 $441,047.89
3 $441,047.89 $32,031.76 $4,989.07 $436,058.82
4 $436,058.82 $31,655.13 $5,365.71 $430,693.11
5 $430,693.11 $31,250.05 $5,770.78 $424,922.34
6 $424,922.34 $30,814.40 $6,206.43 $418,715.91
7 $418,715.91 $30,345.86 $6,674.97 $412,040.94
8 $412,040.94 $29,841.95 $7,178.88 $404,862.06
9 $404,862.06 $29,300.00 $7,720.83 $397,141.23
10 $397,141.23 $28,717.13 $8,303.70 $388,837.53
11 $388,837.53 $28,090.26 $8,930.57 $379,906.97
12 $379,906.97 $27,416.07 $9,604.76 $370,302.21
13 $370,302.21 $26,690.98 $10,329.85 $359,972.36
14 $359,972.36 $25,911.16 $11,109.67 $348,862.69
15 $348,862.69 $25,072.46 $11,948.37 $336,914.31
16 $336,914.31 $24,170.44 $12,850.39 $324,063.93
17 $324,063.93 $23,200.33 $13,820.50 $310,243.43
18 $310,243.43 $22,156.99 $14,863.84 $295,379.58
19 $295,379.58 $21,034.87 $15,985.96 $279,393.63
20 $279,393.63 $19,828.05 $17,192.78 $262,200.85
21 $262,200.85 $18,530.12 $18,490.71 $243,710.14
22 $243,710.14 $17,134.21 $19,886.62 $223,823.52
23 $223,823.52 $15,632.92 $21,387.91 $202,435.60
24 $202,435.60 $14,018.28 $23,002.55 $179,433.06
25 $179,433.06 $12,281.76 $24,739.07 $154,693.99
26 $154,693.99 $10,414.14 $26,606.69 $128,087.30
27 $128,087.30 $8,405.53 $28,615.30 $99,472.01
28 $99,472.01 $6,245.29 $30,775.54 $68,696.46
29 $68,696.46 $3,921.96 $33,098.87 $35,597.59
30 $35,597.59 $1,423.24 $35,597.59 $0

💡 Quick Tip: Generally, the lower your debt-to-income ratio, the better loan terms you’ll be offered. One way to improve your ratio is to increase your income (hello, side hustle!). Another way is to consolidate your debt and lower your monthly debt payments.

How Much Interest Is Accrued on a $450K Mortgage?

One choice you will need to make is the term of your loan. Often the choice is a 30-year versus a 15-year loan term. Over a 30-year term, a $450K mortgage with a 7.3% APR will accrue $660,624.90 in total interest expense over the life of the loan, assuming no prepayments. A similar loan balance with the same interest rate and a 15-year loan term will accrue $291,703.73 worth of interest.

The amount of interest accrued on a mortgage is directly related to the loan balance, interest rate, and speed at which the loan is repaid. The faster a loan is repaid, the less interest that is accrued on the loan balance. This is because the interest has less time to accrue as the loan is paid off.

Monthly Payment Breakdown by APR and Term

We’ve broken down the estimates for a $450K mortgage payment across two interest rates, assuming both 30-year and 15-year terms. Try using a mortgage payment calculator to estimate the payments on your loan terms.

Interest rate

30-yr term

15-yr term

5% $2,416 $3,559
5.5% $2,555 $3,677
6% $2,698 $3,797
6.5% $2,844 $3,920
7% $2,994 $4,045
7.5% $3,146 $4,172
8% $3,302 $4,300

What Is Required to Get a $450K Mortgage?

To qualify for a $450K mortgage, you’ll need to meet minimum income and credit requirements, have enough funds on hand for the lender-mandated down payment, and fall within loan limits for the property type you’re attempting to purchase in your area. We’ve spelled out each step of the process below.

1.    Estimate your budget and review your finances

You can start by pulling a copy of your credit report and conducting an honest review of your budget. All Americans are entitled to one free copy of their credit report each year at; it’s important to do a detailed review of your credit history to ensure everything is correct and address any outstanding issues.

It’s a good idea to shore up your credit score by taking care of any outstanding debt, within reason, prior to starting the loan approval process. Your credit profile doesn’t have to be perfect, but it’s important to ensure it’s as spotless as possible to 1) increase your probability of being approved, and 2) ensure you get the best terms on your loan.

2.    Get prequalified with multiple mortgage lenders

This step will give you an estimate of how much home you can afford. During this step, each lender will do a soft-pull on your credit report, calculate your debt-to-income (DTI) ratio, and give you a sense of how much you would be eligible to borrow at what interest rate. From there, you’ll move on to getting preapproved for a mortgage in the amount you think you will need to purchase a home.

Recommended: Home Loan Help Center

3.    Place a bid on your dream home

You’ll work with an agent to scout homes in your top neighborhoods and identify your potential dream home. It’s important to have your lender preapproval in hand when you arrive at this step in the process, as that signals to both your agent and home sellers that you’re serious about buying a home.

4.    Complete the mortgage application process

Once you’ve submitted a bid and had your offer accepted, you’ll furnish your chosen lender with more financial documentation so that it can formally underwrite your mortgage loan. All your terms will be finalized during this formal mortgage application stage.

5.    Close on your home

Assuming no hiccups arise during the underwriting process, once your loan is formally approved, the only thing to do is wait for the closing date and ensure all legal forms are signed and payments are transferred in good order. Congratulations!

The Takeaway

A $450,000 mortgage could mean you’re spending between $2,400 and $4,300 per month to pay off your loan, depending on your interest rate and loan term. Even a fraction of a percentage point in your quoted interest rate can mean the difference of tens of thousands of dollars in interest payments over the life of your loan. Consequently, it’s important to get the best terms for your mortgage to maximize your value in this transaction.

Looking for an affordable option for a home mortgage loan? SoFi can help: We offer low down payments (as little as 3% - 5%*) with our competitive and flexible home mortgage loans. Plus, applying is extra convenient: It's online, with access to one-on-one help.

SoFi Mortgages: simple, smart, and so affordable.


How much does a $450,000 mortgage cost per month?

While the estimates will vary depending on your quoted interest rate and loan terms, a $450,000 mortgage with a 6% interest rate would cost $2,698 per month over 30 years.

What credit score is required for a $450K mortgage?

In most cases, the minimum FICO score required for a conventional $450,000 mortgage is 620, according to Fannie Mae’s underwriting guidelines. However, to qualify for the best terms, you’ll want your credit score to be as high as possible.

Photo credit: iStock/Hispanolistic

+Lock and Look program: Terms and conditions apply. Applies to conventional purchase loans only. Rate will lock for 91 calendar days at the time of preapproval. An executed purchase contract is required within 60 days of your initial rate lock. If current market pricing improves by 0.25 percentage points or more from the original locked rate, you may request your loan officer to review your loan application to determine if you qualify for a one-time float down. SoFi reserves the right to change or terminate this offer at any time with or without notice to you.

*SoFi requires Private Mortgage Insurance (PMI) for conforming home loans with a loan-to-value (LTV) ratio greater than 80%. As little as 3% down payments are for qualifying first-time homebuyers only. 5% minimum applies to other borrowers. Other loan types may require different fees or insurance (e.g., VA funding fee, FHA Mortgage Insurance Premiums, etc.). Loan requirements may vary depending on your down payment amount, and minimum down payment varies by loan type.

SoFi Loan Products
SoFi loans are originated by SoFi Bank, N.A., NMLS #696891 (Member FDIC). For additional product-specific legal and licensing information, see Equal Housing Lender.

SoFi Mortgages
Terms and conditions apply. Not all products are offered in all states. See for more information.

Financial Tips & Strategies: The tips provided on this website are of a general nature and do not take into account your specific objectives, financial situation, and needs. You should always consider their appropriateness given your own circumstances.


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How Does Subleasing Work for an Apartment?

How does subleasing work? Whether you’re a current tenant thinking about subleasing your apartment or a prospective renter looking at a possible subtenant situation, you might be wondering if it makes sense to sublease an apartment.

Subleasing is like renting from another renter instead of the landlord. The rights of the original lease between the owner and the original tenant are transferred to the subtenant, yet the original tenant is still responsible to fulfill contractual obligations of the lease. If the subtenant doesn’t pay, for example, the original tenant will likely still need to pay the landlord rent. (Note that subleasing is different from subletting, in which you let a new tenant take over your current lease and have a direct relationship with your landlord.)

Subleasing may be considered when a tenant needs to move out before it expires. It’s also common when a tenant needs to leave for a short time and wants to return to the apartment later.

What Is Subleasing?

Subleasing is a legal way for a tenant to rent out their property to another tenant (also called a subtenant). The original tenant remains on the lease and is expected to fulfill the obligations of that lease. They may be responsible for damages and unpaid rents caused by the subtenant, for example.

There are a number of scenarios where subleasing might make sense, such as when a tenant wants to rent out extra rooms or when the original tenant needs to leave the area for a new employment opportunity. Breaking leases can be quite costly, so if the landlord allows for a unit to be subleased, finding a subtenant can ease the financial burden on the original tenant. Likewise, if a tenant is able to rent out extra rooms, they can factor that into the money they have available to spend on rent and may be able to afford the apartment better.

First-time homebuyers can
prequalify for a SoFi mortgage loan,
with as little as 3% down.

How Does a Sublease Work?

A sublease only works if it is allowed by the landlord. Basically, a sublease creates a new landlord-tenant relationship between the original tenant and the subtenant instead of between the landlord and the subtenant.

The new tenant pays the original tenant and the original tenant pays the landlord. The subtenant must fulfill contractual obligations to the original tenant (who acts as landlord) while the original tenant must abide by the lease agreement made with the landlord.

Recommended: How Much Rent Can I Afford on $60K a Year?

When to Consider Subleasing

When canceling/breaking your lease is incredibly expensive, you’re probably looking at what it takes to sublease your apartment or home. Certain situations may make more sense than others when it comes to subleasing.

•   You are temporarily moving to a different location for work and would like to return to your apartment.

•   You have an opportunity to study or work abroad for a semester.

•   You bought a home and have a home mortgage loan to pay for and may need a subtenant to finish your lease for you.

•   You’re moving for a job opportunity and need a subtenant to finish your lease for you.

•   Your family has increased in size and you need a bigger apartment.

•   A personal situation, such as a sudden need to care for an elderly or disabled family member, makes it necessary to move.

Keep in mind, landlords may not allow subleasing. It’s usually specified in the original rental agreement if subleasing isn’t allowed. If your contract does not forbid it, you’re likely able to sublease your apartment.

💡 Quick Tip: When house hunting, don’t forget to lock in your home mortgage loan rate so there are no surprises if your offer is accepted.

Pros and Cons of Subleasing

Subleasing has some pros and cons to consider.

Pros of subleasing

•   The financial burden of a lease you can’t fulfill is eased.

•   You may be able to avoid expensive fees for breaking your lease.

•   You may be able to move to a more suitable housing situation for you if you find a subtenant.

•   You may earn income if your subtenant pays more than you pay to rent the property.

Cons of subleasing

•   You may have to act as landlord.

•   You could incur costs for damages caused to the property by the subtenant.

•   You may need to pay rent if the subtenant is unable to.

Recommended: First-Time Homebuyer Programs and Loans

Examples of Subleasing an Apartment

Here’s an example of how subleasing an apartment works: Let’s say you take a hard look at whether you should buy or rent, based on your budget, and you decide to buy or build a house. You find your dream home unexpectedly quickly. Paying for both rent and a mortgage is costly, so you want to find a subtenant to take your spot at the apartment.

You check your lease and there’s nothing in there that disallows it. You advertise, people call you, you meet, and eventually find someone you think would be good. You get them to fill out an application and check their income, credit, and background.

Once everything looks good, have them sign a sublease agreement with you. You move out of the apartment and into your new home. They move in, they pay you, and you pay the landlord. Once your lease is up, assuming you do not renew it, the subtenant will need to work out a new lease with the landlord if they want to stay in the rental.

How to Sublease Your Apartment

So, exactly how does subleasing an apartment work? When it comes to the nitty-gritty details, the process looks something like this:

  1. Find a subtenant. Since you’re assuming the role of landlord, you’ll want to advertise and vet the subtenant fully. A landlord will often complete a background check, credit check, and verify income on a tenant — you should do the same with your subtenant.
  2. Sign a sublease. Creating a sublease that protects you is key. You’re still responsible for the lease agreement you signed with the landlord, so you’ll need to be as specific as possible about what the situation and rights of the sublease entail.
  3. Collect rent from the subtenant. Now that you have a subtenant, you’ll need to collect rent from them and pay your landlord. You’re still responsible for filling the terms of your original lease, after all.
  4. Continue paying rent to the landlord as per the original lease agreement. As the primary tenant, you’re responsible for rent to the landlord. If your subtenant doesn’t pay it, you may need to figure out a way to pay the landlord so you’re not in breach of your contract.
  5. When your lease and contract ends, the subtenancy will end. The subtenant will no longer have any rights once your lease ends. In apartment complexes, it’s common for the subtenant to apply for a new lease with the landlord and become the tenant.

Recommended: How to Rent an Apartment with No Credit

Tips to Subleasing an Apartment Your First Time

Subleasing an apartment isn’t easy, but it may be the right move to allow you to move on. If it’s your first time, you’ll want to keep these things in mind:

•   Make sure subleasing is allowed in your lease agreement. The last thing you want is to breach your contract. That gives your landlord justification for keeping your deposit and pursuing legal action against you. While this sounds extreme, it’s also not outside the realm of possibility.

•   Screen your subtenant carefully. Since you’re acting as landlord, you’ll want to ensure the subtenant is able to pay and maintain the property. Consider running a background check and credit check, and verifying income. Don’t go off your gut — every rookie makes this mistake — but instead, verify the information the prospective tenant gives you. A good subtenant will make your life 100% easier.

•   Get a professional to create a sublease contract. The contract between you and your subtenant should be strong, or you open yourself up to legal and financial trouble. A professional can help. Some items that may need to be included in the sublease are:

◦   Name of the sublessor

◦   Name of the sublessee

◦   Location of the property

◦   Beginning and end dates of the sublease

◦   Rent and deposit amounts

◦   Due date of rent

◦   Terms and conditions of the original lease

◦   The document should be signed by both parties and possibly by the landlord if it is required

💡 Quick Tip: Your parents or grandparents probably got mortgages for 30 years. But these days, you can get them for 20, 15, or 10 years — and pay less interest over the life of the loan.

The Takeaway

Subleasing can help you cover the cost of a lease you need to get out of, but it’s not easy and it’s not without risk. Even if you do a great job finding and screening the new tenant, there’s no guarantee they will pay and keep the property in tip top shape. But it’s also possible you’ll find a great subtenant and help you get to the next stage of your life, whether it’s moving in with your partner or buying your first home.

Looking for an affordable option for a home mortgage loan? SoFi can help: We offer low down payments (as little as 3% - 5%*) with our competitive and flexible home mortgage loans. Plus, applying is extra convenient: It's online, with access to one-on-one help.

SoFi Mortgages: simple, smart, and so affordable.


What is the difference between a lease and sublease?

A lease is a legal contract that grants rental rights for a tenant directly with the landlord. A sublease is a contract between the initial tenant and a second tenant.

Is subleasing easier?

With subleasing, you take on the role of landlord with a new tenant while maintaining a contract with your landlord, so it’s not an easy path. You collect rent from the subtenant and pay the landlord. Along with this, you assume the risk of another tenant damaging the property or not paying.

How does subleasing work in California?

In California, you simply can’t sublease legally without your landlord’s written permission. First, you’ll want to check your lease agreement to make sure subleasing is permitted. Then, if it is allowed, you’ll still need to get written consent from your landlord before subleasing.

Photo credit: iStock/StockRocket

SoFi Loan Products
SoFi loans are originated by SoFi Bank, N.A., NMLS #696891 (Member FDIC). For additional product-specific legal and licensing information, see Equal Housing Lender.

SoFi Mortgages
Terms and conditions apply. Not all products are offered in all states. See for more information.

Financial Tips & Strategies: The tips provided on this website are of a general nature and do not take into account your specific objectives, financial situation, and needs. You should always consider their appropriateness given your own circumstances.

This article is not intended to be legal advice. Please consult an attorney for advice.


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How Much Will a $250,000 Mortgage Cost per Month?

When buying a house, many of us get caught up in the down payment and other large upfront costs. It’s important to factor in the long-term costs associated with a $250,000 mortgage, which includes the monthly mortgage payment.

Just how much will that payment be each month? Read to learn the monthly cost of a $250K mortgage.

Total Cost of a $250K Mortgage

Homebuyers have some large expenses to deal with before making mortgage payments. Both upfront costs and long-term expenses should factor into figuring out how much house you can afford.

First-time homebuyers can
prequalify for a SoFi mortgage loan,
with as little as 3% down.

Upfront Costs

Upfront costs associated with buying a home are more than just the earnest money and down payment. A buyer can expect to pay closing costs, including some or all of the following:

•   Abstract and recording fees associated with the documentation of a property, which can cost from between $200 to $1,200 and $125, respectively.

•   Application fees for a mortgage from the lender, which can cost up to $500.

•   Appraisal fees to estimate the home’s value for the lender, which could cost between $300 to $400.

•   Home inspection fees if the buyer opts for an inspection of the property before buying, can run between $300 to $500 on average.

•   Title search and title insurance fees are required to ensure there are no liens or unexpected claims to the property being purchased. This usually costs between $75 to $200.

These fees before and during closing don’t include the down payment. The median down payment on a house is 13%, but to avoid things like private mortgage insurance, a buyer may have to put down as much as 20% of the home’s purchase price.

A buyer who takes out a $250K mortgage and makes a 20% down payment is likely putting in around $62,500. In addition to the down payment and closing costs, keep in mind expenses around moving and furnishing a new home.

💡 Quick Tip: You deserve a more zen mortgage. SoFi Mortgage Loan Officers are dedicated to closing your loan on time — backed by a $5,000 guarantee offer.

Long-Term Costs

You’ll pay down the principal plus interest on your loan over the long term, with a higher proportion of interest in your monthly payments early in the life of the loan. Near the end of your loan term, you’ll be paying almost entirely principal.

If you put down less than 20% on your home, you may also be paying private mortgage insurance (PMI) each month. Here are some other long-term costs:

•   Maintenance Homeowners should factor in the cost of maintenance and repairs in their long-term housing budget. Many owners default to the 1% rule, setting aside 1% of a home’s purchase price annually for ongoing repair costs.

•   Property taxes These vary based on your location but can be thousands of dollars a year.

•   Homeowners association (HOA), co-op, or condo fees These also vary, but you will know what they are before you close on the property.

•   Insurance Depending on where your home is located, you may need hazard insurance to cover you in the event of a natural disaster, in addition to standard homeowners insurance.

Recommended: First-Time Homebuyer Guide

Estimated Monthly Payments on a $250K Mortgage

The monthly cost of a $250K mortgage payment will vary based on several factors, including:

•   Down payment, or how much a buyer puts down when purchasing a home

•   Length of loan, or the timeline in which a buyer agrees to pay off their mortgage

•   APR, the annual percentage rate of the mortgage

Breaking things down further, the terms can also influence the monthly payments on a $250K mortgage. Buyers can choose between a:

•   Fixed-rate mortgage, where they pay the same APR over the life of the loan.

•   Adjustable-rate mortgage (ARM), where buyers typically pay a lower rate at the beginning of the loan, but the APR will change over the life of the loan.

How you choose from among the different types of home mortgage loans will depend on your financial goals and qualifications.

Monthly Payment Breakdown by APR and Term

What interest rate a buyer will get when applying for a mortgage depends on the market and their financial history. The length of the loan can also impact the estimated monthly mortgage payment. A 30-year loan will have lower monthly payments but you will pay significantly more interest over the life of the loan:

Interest rate

15-year term

30-year term

3.00% $1,726 $1,054
3.5% $1,787 $1,122
4% $1,849 $1,193
4.5% $1,912 $1,266
5% $1,976 $1,342
5.5% $2,043 $1,419
6% $2,110 $1,499
6.5% $2,178 $1,580
7% $2,247 $1,663

As a reminder, these estimates do not include additional costs that might be included in monthly payments, like insurance and property taxes. Consider using a mortgage calculator to figure out monthly payments based on personalized annual percentage rate (APR) and terms.

How Much Interest Is Accrued on a $250K Mortgage?

How much interest a homeowner will accrue on a $250K mortgage depends on the APR and terms of the loan. As a general rule of thumb:

•   The higher the APR, the more interest paid

•   The longer the loan, the more interest paid

In the beginning, monthly mortgage payments will primarily cover the interest on the mortgage, paying only a small portion of the principal. However, over the life of the loan, the homeowner begins to pay more toward the principal and less in interest.

For example, on a $250K mortgage with a 30-year loan term and 4% APR, a buyer can expect to pay $179,673.77 in interest over the life of the loan. For a $250K mortgage with a 15-year loan term and 4% APR, a buyer will pay $82,859.57 in interest.

While the owner will pay less in interest with a shorter loan term, they can expect higher monthly payments than a 30-year loan term.

💡 Quick Tip: To see a house in person, particularly in a tight or expensive market, you may need to show the real estate agent proof that you’re preapproved for a mortgage. SoFi’s online application makes the process simple.

$250K Mortgage Amortization Breakdown

Suppose a buyer secures a $250K mortgage on a home with a 7% rate and a 15-year term. Their monthly payment on the mortgage, including principal and interest, would be roughly $2,247.

Here’s how those payments would split between interest and principal balance over the life of the loan, otherwise known as an amortization breakdown:


Beginning balance

Annual interest paid

Annual principal paid

Ending balance

1 $250,000 $17,190 $9,774 $240,226
2 $240,226 $16,484 $10,481 $229,744
3 $229,744 $15,726 $11,239 $218,506
4 $218,506 $14,914 $12,051 $206,454
5 $206,454 $14,042 $12,922 $193,532
6 $193,532 $13,108 $13,857 $179,675
7 $179,675 $12,107 $14,858 $164,817
8 $164,817 $11,032 $15,932 $148,885
9 $148,885 $9,881 $17,084 $131,801
10 $131,801 $8,646 $18,319 $113,482
11 $113,482 $7,321 $19,643 $93,838
12 $93,838 $5,901 $21,063 $72,775
13 $72,775 $4,379 $22,586 $50,189
14 $50,189 $2,746 $24,219 $25,970
15 $25,970 $995 $25,970 $0

Keep in mind that this table doesn’t include additional costs that may be rolled into mortgage payments, such as insurance or property taxes.

Amortization tables can be helpful tools for understanding payments across the life of a mortgage.

What Is Required to Get a $250K Mortgage?

The process of getting a $250K mortgage has several requirements, including:

•   You’ll need a credit score of at least 500 for some mortgages, but most lenders require a score of 620 or more

•   You’ll prequalify for a mortgage. You’ll provide a little information about yourself and the lender will perform a soft credit inquiry. This will give you a sense of what the lender might offer in terms of interest rate.

•   You’ll find the right lender. The right lender for a borrower will vary based on the rates they offer, in addition to other fees and features.

•   You’ll fill out a mortgage application and get preapproved for your mortgage. The application may require tax documents, W-2s, and bank account statements. If you’re preapproved, you’ll receive a letter from the lender providing conditional approval for the mortgage within a certain window, typically 60 to 90 days. SoFi’s Help Center can help you start your journey to homeownership today.

The Takeaway

Considering monthly payments on a $250,000 mortgage is an important step in understanding the budget behind buying a home. Multiple factors can impact the monthly cost, including interest rate and loan terms, making it essential to consider all options and make the choice that best suits your budget.

Looking for an affordable option for a home mortgage loan? SoFi can help: We offer low down payments (as little as 3% - 5%*) with our competitive and flexible home mortgage loans. Plus, applying is extra convenient: It's online, with access to one-on-one help.

SoFi Mortgages: simple, smart, and so affordable.


What’s the monthly payment on a $250K mortgage?

The size of your payment will depend primarily on the length of the loan’s term and its interest rate. A 15-year term at 7% would give you a monthly payment of about $2,247, while a 30-year term at 7% would yield a payment of $1,663. Note that although the 30-year term has a lower monthly payment, you’ll pay significantly more in interest over the lifetime of the loan.

How long will it take to pay off a $250K mortgage?

How long it takes to pay off a $250,000 mortgage will depend on the term of your loan and whether you refinance along the way. You might have a loan term of 30, 20, 15, or even 10 years. And remember, you can always pay off your loan sooner if you like, although in rare cases there can be a prepayment penalty.

How much do I need to earn to get a $250K mortgage?

You’d need to earn about $90,000 per year in order to afford a $250,000 mortgage, so that your monthly debt payments don’t cause undue financial stress.

Photo credit: iStock/Worawee Meepian

*SoFi requires Private Mortgage Insurance (PMI) for conforming home loans with a loan-to-value (LTV) ratio greater than 80%. As little as 3% down payments are for qualifying first-time homebuyers only. 5% minimum applies to other borrowers. Other loan types may require different fees or insurance (e.g., VA funding fee, FHA Mortgage Insurance Premiums, etc.). Loan requirements may vary depending on your down payment amount, and minimum down payment varies by loan type.

SoFi On-Time Close Guarantee: If all conditions of the Guarantee are met, and your loan does not close on or before the closing date on your purchase contract accepted by SoFi, and the delay is due to SoFi, SoFi will provide you $2,000.^ Terms and conditions apply. This Guarantee is available only for loan applications submitted after 6/15/22 for the purchase of a primary residence. Please discuss terms of this Guarantee with your loan officer. The property must be owner-occupied, single-family residence (no condos), and the loan amount must meet the Fannie Mae conventional guidelines. No bank-owned or short-sale transactions. To qualify for the Guarantee, you must: (1) Have employment income supported by W-2, (2) Receive written approval by SoFi for the loan and you lock the rate, (3) submit an executed purchase contract on an eligible property at least 30 days prior to the closing date in the purchase contract, (4) provide to SoFi (by upload) all required documentation within 24 hours of SoFi requesting your documentation and upload any follow-up required documents within 36 hours of the request, and (5) pay for and schedule an appraisal within 48 hours of the appraiser first contacting you by phone or email. The Guarantee will be void and not paid if any delays to closing are due to factors outside of SoFi control, including delays scheduling or completing the appraisal appointment, appraised value disputes, completing a property inspection, making repairs to the property by any party, addressing possible title defects, natural disasters, further negotiation of or changes to the purchase contract, changes to the loan terms, or changes in borrower’s eligibility for the loan (e.g., changes in credit profile or employment), or if property purchase does not occur. SoFi may change or terminate this offer at any time without notice to you. ^To redeem the Guarantee if conditions met, see documentation provided by loan officer.

SoFi Loan Products
SoFi loans are originated by SoFi Bank, N.A., NMLS #696891 (Member FDIC). For additional product-specific legal and licensing information, see Equal Housing Lender.

SoFi Mortgages
Terms and conditions apply. Not all products are offered in all states. See for more information.

Financial Tips & Strategies: The tips provided on this website are of a general nature and do not take into account your specific objectives, financial situation, and needs. You should always consider their appropriateness given your own circumstances.

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Pros and Cons of Jumbo Loans

After finding that big, beautiful house, you now have to find a big, beautiful mortgage. If the amount you need to borrow is over the Federal Housing Finance Agency (FHFA) conforming loan limit of $726,200 for most geographic areas, you’ll need to get a jumbo loan.

A jumbo loan is a little different than a conventional, conforming mortgage and has its own benefits and drawbacks. You can expect increased scrutiny from potential lenders, and possibly some increased costs.

Jumbo Loans: The Basics

Luxury homes, vacation homes, unique properties, and homes in high-cost-of-living areas may need a jumbo loan. A jumbo loan is different from a conventional loan in that it isn’t guaranteed by Fannie Mae or Freddie Mac. This means the lender takes on more risk to issue a mortgage to the borrower. With the additional risk exposure, lenders have higher qualifications. This may include:

•   A higher credit score

•   A larger down payment

•   Strong cash reserves — sometimes up to a year’s worth of mortgage payments

•   A higher income

•   A low debt-to-income ratio

•   More stringent loan-to-value requirements

While the qualifications and loan amounts may be different, they may offer an interest rate similar to what you would find for a conventional loan below the conforming loan limits.

Keep in mind the more stringent requirements shouldn’t dissuade you from looking into jumbo loans. On the contrary, let’s take a closer look at jumbo loan pros and cons to help you decide if you want to go this direction or not.

First-time homebuyers can
prequalify for a SoFi mortgage loan,
with as little as 3% down.

Recommended: Local Housing Market Trends

Benefits of Jumbo Loans

A jumbo loan may allow you to buy property you otherwise wouldn’t be able to. Some of the main benefits of a jumbo loan include:

•   Higher loan amount. A jumbo loan allows you to purchase property at a higher price point. If you’re looking for high-end property, a vacation property, or your dream home, a jumbo loan may be able to help you access the financing you need. Depending on where the property is located, the conforming loan limits are either $726,200 or up to $1,089,300.

•   Comparable Interest rates. You may be surprised to learn that interest rates on jumbo loans may be comparable to those of conforming conventional loans. Sometimes, they’re even lower!

•   Avoid PMI. There are some lenders that allow you to forgo private mortgage insurance with a jumbo loan, especially if you put down at least 10% on a property. This can save you money every month.

💡 Quick Tip: A major home purchase may mean a jumbo loan, but it doesn’t have to mean a jumbo down payment. Apply for a jumbo mortgage with SoFi, and you could put as little as 10% down.

Drawbacks of Jumbo Loans

While jumbo loans can afford you the loan you need for a higher-priced property, they do have some drawbacks you should be aware of.

•   More stringent qualifications. Jumbo loans are tougher to get. You need a higher income, a high credit score, and a big down payment. Lenders also want to see a debt-to-income (DTI) ratio lower than 43%, and the loan-to-value (LTV) ratio may max out at 80% of a property’s value.

•   Potentially higher rates. Jumbo loans are not guaranteed by Fannie Mae or Freddie Mac, so a jumbo loan can reduce a lender’s liquidity and expose them to more risk. In the past, jumbo loans have been offered at higher interest rates, though recently, many lenders are offering jumbo loans at a lower interest rate than a conventional mortgage.

•   Need to show cash reserves. For some of the best terms for jumbo loans, you may need to show anywhere from three to 24 months’ worth of cash reserves. Furthermore, jumbo loan lenders have different standards when it comes to what is considered a cash reserve. Some lenders may be able to count your 401(k) as part of your cash reserves, while others require money to be held in a more liquid account.

•   Fewer lenders offer jumbo loans. This doesn’t mean jumbo loans are uncommon by any means, but you do have to find a lender in your area that offers jumbo loans.

•   Higher costs. Because jumbo loans are so large, you have higher costs all around. Closing costs are based on a percentage of the transaction. With a higher loan amount, you’ll pay more for these services. You’ll also pay more for fixed-cost services, such as an appraisal or a home inspection, if your home is larger and has more to evaluate.

How Hard Is It to Qualify for a Jumbo Loan?

It’s true — fewer borrowers will be able to qualify for a jumbo loan. But if you know what lenders are looking for, your odds are good. Jumbo loan requirements may include:

•   Credit score of 700 or higher

•   Down payment of 20%, although some lenders allow as little as 10% down

•   LTV ratio around 80% or lower

•   DTI ratio of 43% or lower

•   Cash reserves equal to 6 to 12 months of the monthly mortgage payment

•   Higher income amount

💡 Quick Tip: Your parents or grandparents probably got mortgages for 30 years. But these days, you can get them for 20, 15, or 10 years — and pay less interest over the life of the loan.

Jumbo Loan vs Conventional Loan

Technically, jumbo loans are conventional loans. A conventional loan is a mortgage that isn’t a government-backed mortgage. What’s different about a jumbo loan is that it is not a conforming conventional loan.

A conforming conventional loan is one where the loan amount is less than the conforming loan limit of $726,200 for most areas and $1,089,300 for high-cost areas. This distinction is important, but it’s also common to call a conforming conventional loan simply a conventional loan.

Aside from the loan amount, other major differences between a jumbo loan and a conventional conforming loan include the down payment amount, credit score requirement, LTV ratio, DTI ratio, income requirement, and cash reserve requirement. These key differences are outlined in the chart below:

Jumbo Loan

Conventional Conforming Loan

Loan amount Loan higher than $726,200 in most areas or $1,089,300 in high-cost areas. Loan lower than $726,200 in most areas or $1,089,300 in high-cost areas.
Down payment Down payment as low as 10% Down payment as low as 3%
Credit score 700+ As low as 620
LTV Around 80% As high as 97%
DTI 43% or lower, 36% for some lenders Up to 50%
Income Higher Lower
Cash reserves As much as 12 months Not required

The Takeaway

If you have your eye on a property that exceeds the conforming home loan limits for your area, a jumbo loan can make it happen for you. Prepare yourself for the more stringent salary, credit score, and cash reserves requirements and you’ll be able to call that home yours.

When you’re ready to take the next step, consider what SoFi Home Loans have to offer. Jumbo loans are offered with competitive interest rates, no private mortgage insurance, and down payments as low as 10%.

SoFi Mortgage Loans: We make the home loan process smart and simple.


Who qualifies for a jumbo loan?

Borrowers with a high income, an excellent credit score, substantial funds on hand for a down payment (plus large cash reserves), and a low debt-to-income ratio may qualify for a jumbo loan. Check with lenders to learn their specific requirements.

How do you apply for a jumbo loan?

You can apply for a jumbo loan through any lender that offers a jumbo mortgage product.

Photo credit: iStock/FOTOGRAFIA INC.

SoFi Mortgages
Terms and conditions apply. Not all products are offered in all states. See for more information.

SoFi Loan Products
SoFi loans are originated by SoFi Bank, N.A., NMLS #696891 (Member FDIC). For additional product-specific legal and licensing information, see Equal Housing Lender.

Financial Tips & Strategies: The tips provided on this website are of a general nature and do not take into account your specific objectives, financial situation, and needs. You should always consider their appropriateness given your own circumstances.


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How to Calculate Cap Rate

What Is Cap Rate and How Do You Calculate It?

What Is Cap Rate?

Capitalization rate, also called cap rate, is the rate of return that an investor can expect to earn on a real estate investment property. Commercial real estate investors use it to determine how long it will take to recoup their investment in a property. Many investors will roughly calculate this number mentally, before doing further diligence on a potential investment.

In its simplest form, investors determine the cap rate of a property by dividing the property’s annual net operating income by the value of the asset. The resulting number is a percentage, and it’s how investors understand the potential return on a property. Essentially, the cap rate represents the financial returns of a property over a single year.

What Does a Cap Rate Indicate?

The ranges of what constitutes a good or bad cap rate varies widely, depending on the investment property and its market. Investors use the cap rate as a quick guide to an investment’s value compared to other similar real estate investments.

But as an indicator, the cap rate leaves out important aspects of a real estate investment such as the leverage undertaken to purchase and develop a property, and the time it will take to realize cash flows from improvements.

💡 Quick Tip: Investment fees are assessed in different ways, including trading costs, account management fees, and possibly broker commissions. When you set up an investment account, be sure to get the exact breakdown of your “all-in costs” so you know what you’re paying.

The Formula for Calculating Cap Rates

The most popular formula for calculating cap rates is this:

•   Capitalization Rate = Net Operating Income / Current Market Value

Here’s a breakdown of each of those components in this context:

Net Operating Income

Net operating income consists of the property’s gross annual income — all the rent and other revenues the property produces — minus all of the common home repair costs, taxes, insurance, and other expenses related to the property, excluding mortgage payments. Once those costs have been subtracted from the income, you have the net operating income.

Current Market Value

Current market value isn’t necessarily the price that an investor paid for the property. Rather, it’s the price that the property would sell for today. In the case of a prospective real estate investment, it’s the price that the investor would pay to buy a property.

Cap Rate

When an investor divides the Net Operating Income by the Current Market Value, they take the number that’s left and move the decimal point two digits to the right to arrive at the cap rate. That number represents the percentage return investors can expect from the property.

Recommended: Investment Opportunities in 2023

How to Calculate Cap Rate

Cap Rate Example

An investor who’s considering a real estate investment would start by finding out the annual rental income it produces. This is easier to do with an existing property that already has paying tenants because it has a track record and leases in place.

Assuming that an investor is interested in a property that already has tenants, an investor can ask for this information from the current owners. For instance, in this hypothetical investment, an investor finds out from the present owners that a property has tenants who pay $90,000 a year in rent.

But the building costs $9,000 per year to manage. It also costs $4,500 to maintain the property. Then there’s another $7,100 that the owner of the building will have to pay in property taxes. Finally, insuring the building will cost $6,500 per year.

To arrive at the net income of the property, the investor will have to subtract all of those annual expenses from the property’s gross annual income. In this example, the net income of the property, after factoring all of those costs, comes in at $62,900.

Once an investor knows the net income that the property produces, they divide that number by the current market value (if they already own the property), or the purchase price (if they’re thinking of buying it). In our example, if the current market value/purchase price is $400,000 and the net income is $62,900, the formula gives a result of 0.15725. And when the investor moves the decimal point two digits to the right, the result is 15.72. That number — 15.72 — tells the investor that they can expect the property to deliver an annual return of 15.72%.

Using a Property’s Cap Rate

While a property’s past income can serve as a guide, cap rates are based on projected estimates of its future expenses and future income. As the business climate and the condition of the property fluctuate from year to year, the property’s cap rate will also fluctuate.

But even though the cap rate changes over time, it is a valuable way to understand the real value of an investment, simply because it tells an investor how long it will take to recoup their investment in the property. For example, an investor purchasing a property with a cap rate of 10% will need roughly 10 years to earn back the initial investment.

After that 10-year investment, the investor will still own the property and be entitled to the net income. But before they reach that point, many unexpected risks related to property investing can rear up and derail the investor’s plans.

💡 Quick Tip: Are self directed brokerage accounts cost efficient? They can be, because they offer the convenience of being able to buy stocks online without using a traditional full-service broker (and the typical broker fees).

The Limitations of Cap Rate

The cap rate of a property is a projection, and nothing more. Investors purchasing a Treasury bond paying 3% have every reason to expect that if they hold it to maturity, they’ll receive 3% annually.

But property investing comes with a host of risks that can keep that rosy cap rate from ever becoming a reality. With commercial real estate, the most likely risk is that the tenants will move out.

To go back to our example, if a third of the tenants move out of the building, then its gross income will go down to $60,000. But the building’s many expenses will most likely remain steady, making its net income $32,900. Assuming that the building’s value hasn’t changed, suddenly its cap rate is $60,000/$400,000, or 8.2%.

There are also factors having to do with the property itself. Even when well maintained, buildings break down and wear out over time. That adds to the operating costs and diminishes the net income of the property. It also affects the value of the underlying asset that the investor owns.

Some risk factors that investors should consider include the age, location, and condition of the property. At the same time, investors should think about what type of property they’re buying — whether it’s a single or multifamily home, industrial, office, or retail property. They should also consider how the type of property could be affected by outside influences. For instance, retail and hotel owners saw their cap rates fall significantly when the coronavirus pandemic reduced business for their industry.

There are also unknowns, such as inflation, which could make some of the investor’s expenses higher but also potentially allow them to increase the rent. Digging deeper, investors buying an established property may want to do some homework on the current tenants’ financial status, as well as their history of paying rent on time.

Investors should also look at the terms of the current leases that they’ll be inheriting when they take over the property. At the same time, investors should take a larger view of the macroeconomic factors affecting the property, its location, and its tenants, and consider the potential opportunity costs associated with tying up a portion of their portfolio in an investment property.

Recommended: The Pros and Cons of Owning a Rental Property

The Takeaway

The cap rate formula provides investors with a valuable measure when evaluating the opportunity presented by a property investment. Cap rate can help them gauge how long it might take to recoup their investment.

But cap rate is just one measure investors should look at when considering a property. The age, location, and condition of the property are important, as is the current lease situation. Potential real estate investors should do thorough research.

That said, overall, real estate investment may be one way to diversify a portfolio, since real estate returns typically do not correlate to the returns of stocks and bonds.

Ready to invest in your goals? It’s easy to get started when you open an investment account with SoFi Invest. You can invest in stocks, exchange-traded funds (ETFs), and more. SoFi doesn’t charge commissions, but other fees apply (full fee disclosure here).

Invest with as little as $5 with a SoFi Active Investing account.

Photo credit: iStock/amirulsyaidi

SoFi Invest®
The information provided is not meant to provide investment or financial advice. Also, past performance is no guarantee of future results.
Investment decisions should be based on an individual’s specific financial needs, goals, and risk profile. SoFi can’t guarantee future financial performance. Advisory services offered through SoFi Wealth, LLC. SoFi Securities, LLC, member FINRA / SIPC . SoFi Invest refers to the three investment and trading platforms operated by Social Finance, Inc. and its affiliates (described below). Individual customer accounts may be subject to the terms applicable to one or more of the platforms below.
1) Automated Investing—The Automated Investing platform is owned by SoFi Wealth LLC, an SEC registered investment advisor (“Sofi Wealth“). Brokerage services are provided to SoFi Wealth LLC by SoFi Securities LLC, an affiliated SEC registered broker dealer and member FINRA/SIPC, (“Sofi Securities).
2) Active Investing—The Active Investing platform is owned by SoFi Securities LLC. Clearing and custody of all securities are provided by APEX Clearing Corporation.
3) Cryptocurrency is offered by SoFi Digital Assets, LLC, a FinCEN registered Money Service Business.
For additional disclosures related to the SoFi Invest platforms described above, including state licensure of Sofi Digital Assets, LLC, please visit Neither the Investment Advisor Representatives of SoFi Wealth, nor the Registered Representatives of SoFi Securities are compensated for the sale of any product or service sold through any SoFi Invest platform. Information related to lending products contained herein should not be construed as an offer or prequalification for any loan product offered by SoFi Bank, N.A.

Third-Party Brand Mentions: No brands, products, or companies mentioned are affiliated with SoFi, nor do they endorse or sponsor this article. Third-party trademarks referenced herein are property of their respective owners.

Financial Tips & Strategies: The tips provided on this website are of a general nature and do not take into account your specific objectives, financial situation, and needs. You should always consider their appropriateness given your own circumstances.


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